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bull, church and love

UNIGENITUS, a-ni-jetri-tiis, the bull (1713) of Clement XI by which 101 theological propositions of a Jansenistic tenor contained in the writings of Pasquier Quesnel are con demned as heretical, scandalous, impious, etc.

(See QUESNEL ; JANSENISM ). The title of the bull is derived from its opening words Uni genitus Dei Filius. Among the doctrines al leged to be contained in Quesnel's writings ((Moral Refle3cions) on the Gospels and the whole New Testament) is this, that all love except the supernatural love of God is evil; that without this supernatural love there can be no true hope, observance of the law or re ligion; that every prayer made by a sinner is itself sinful; and that the Church is made up of the elect alone. While Louis XIV lived he compelled obedience to the bull; but after his death, 1717, and the succession of his great grandson, Louis XV, under a regency, those ecclesiastics who were opposed to the Roman decisions, among them Noailles, archbishop of Paris, and four other bishops, made appeal to a future council of the Church against the Pope. Another appeal was made "'from the

pope ill informed to the pope better informed)); but the popes who succeeded Clement XI down to 1730, namely, Innocent XIII, Benedict XIII and Clement XII, would not entertain the ap peal; the assembly of the French clergy in 1723 petitioned the king to uphold the Unigenitus with all the power of the state; in 1727 one of the appellants, Soanen, bishop of Seez, was con demned by a provincial church council and was banished by the government; even Noailles in 1728 went over to the side of the Ultramon tanes, and in 1730 the Sorbonne formally ac cepted the bull; the same year the parliament of Paris was compelled to register it.