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United States Naval Reserve Force

government, national and power

UNITED STATES NAVAL RESERVE FORCE. When the United States entered the European War, it became evident that in hav ing both Naval and the United States Naval Reserve Force, the na tional government was maintaining two organi zations in peace to accomplish the same end of providing reserve man power for the navy in war. To continue to carry on both could pro duce only a duplication of effort with a double overhead of cost and personnel for training. It was seen that individual State effort as ex emplified in the militia would result in pro viding a number of miniature navies and that Naval Militia, even though it could change to National Naval Volunteers, was the lesser effi cient of the two methods of developing trained man power. It was, therefore, decided to work out a means of amalgamating the "Volunteers') with the Force." To effect the amalga mation it was necessary to give special con sideration to the former naval militiamen. These men, at great personal sacrifice and ex pense, had for years been their time and energy to their State organizations and, with out much aid from the national government, - had done much to prepare themselves for the government service in time of war. They were

entitled to some reward for their untiring de votion and, in fairness, the organizations they had so laboriously built up could not be totally destroyed without a hearing. Accordingly the highest ranking and oldest officers of the militia were called into conference to determine the ways and means of amalgamation. The conferences went off smoothly and the officers called in met the situation fairly. Seeing the national good coming therefrom, they quickly agreed to the practical obliteration of the organization they had taken so long to build and in close harmony with the department assisted in drawing up a law transferring their personnel to the United States Naval Reserve Force. The law as drawn up was recommended to Congress for passage and was enacted in the bill approved 1 July 1918. By this act the navy was believed to be in good organization so far as providing training and utilizing man power is concerned. See NAVAL Mn.m.k.