UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, The. At the close of the American Revolution there existed in New York city an institution known, previous to that time, as King's College, which during the Revo lution had become thoroughly disorganized. Its property had been largely dissipated, its course of instruction had been suspended and many vacancies existed in its governing board. More over its name, King's College, had become dis tasteful to the colonists, who had now cast off all allegiance to kings. To meet and remedy these conditions, the legislature of the State of New York, at its very first session after the close of the Revolution, on May 1784, passed an act entitled, "An act for granting certain privileges to the college heretofore called King's College for altering the name and charter thereof and erecting an university in this State." By this act the corporate rights of King's College (the name of which was now changed to Columbia College) were vested in the regents of the University of the State of New York. The regents were also 'empowered to establish from time to time such additional colleges as they might think proper, such col leges to be a part of the State University.' In 1787 Columbia College was made a self perpetuating and separate governing body (see COLUMBIA Umtvinisrrv), and the same year the act of 1784 was replaced by a new act which specifically enacts that An University be and is hereby instituted in this State to be known and called by the name or style of the REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORIC. This act authorizes the regents to visit and inspect all the colleges, academies and schools which are or may be established in this State, to examine into the state of education and discipline, and to make a yearly report thereof to the legisla ture. It also gives to the regents the power to confer degrees and to grant charters of in corporation to colleges and academies.
The organization thus perfected has, with a few changes, continued to the present time In 1894, the University of the State of New York was made a constitutional body, to be governed by a board of not less than nine re gents, and their corporate powers may be modi fied, increased or diminished by legislative en actment.
In 1904 the jurisdiction of die regents was extended to cover the elementary schools, which previously had been under the direction of the superintendent of public instruction. The pres ent objects of the university as expressed in the Education Law of 1918 are: " To encourage and promote education, to visit and in spect its several institutions and departments, to distribute to or expend or administer for them such property and funds as the state may appropriate therefor or as the university may own or hold in trust or otherwise. and to perform suds other duties as may be entrusted to it." university is governed and all its corporate powers are exercised by a board of regents, serving without salary, whose members are at all times three more than the existing judicial districts of the State—at present nine districts and 12 regents. The officers of the board of regents are the chancel lor and vice-chancellor, who serve without salary. Subject and in conformity to the con stitution and laws of the State, the regents exercise legislative functions concerning the educational system of the State, determine its educational policies, establish rules for carrying into effect the laws and policies of the State relating to education and the powers, duties and trusts conferred or charged upon the uni versity. The regents elect by ballot the presi dent of the university and the commissioner of education who holds office during the pleasure of the board. The university is the State Edu cation Department; charged with and under i its caption, and in its name as such, it exer cises the general management and supervision of all public schools and all the educational work of the State.