UPTON, Emory, American soldier: tavia, N. Y., 27 Aug. 1839; d. San Francisco, Cal., 14 March 1 N.1. He was graduated at West Point in 1861 and soon became lieutenant of the Fifth artillery. While serving on the staff of General Tyler he participated in the first battle of Bull Run, where he was wounded, and in the Peninsula ;nd Maryland campaigns of 1862 (qq.v.). In October 1862 he was com missioned colonel of the 121st New York volun teers. He fought at Fredericksburg, and from Gettysburg to the Wilderness commanded a brigade of the Sixth corps, distinguishing him self at the battle of Rappahannock Station (q.v.), and especially at Spottsylvania Court House (q.v.), where he was wounded. For gallantry in the last-named action he was pro moted brigadier-general of volunteers and bre vetted lieutenant-colonel in the regular army. He participated in the Shenandoah campaign, was wounded at the battle of the Opequon (q.v.) and was brevetted major-general of volunteers. Later he served in Georgia and
Alabama in command of the Fourth cavalry division under Gen. J. H. Wilson, and for his services at Selma was brevetted brigadier-gen eral in the regular army. From 1868 to 1880 he served as lieutenant-colonel of the 25th in fantry, and in the latter year was made colonel of the Fourth artillery. He originated a system of military tactics which was adopted by the government in 1867, and was commandant of cadets at West Point, 1870-75. Soon after at taining his colonelcy in the regular army he suffered friim mental disease and committed suicide. His publications include 'A New Sys tem of Infantry Tactics' (1867),• 'Tactics for Non-Military Bodies' (1870); of Asia and Europe) (1878) ; and 'The Military Policy of the United States.' Consult Michie, 'Life and Letters of Major-General Emory Upton' (1885).