Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 27 >> Units Of Measurement to Van Der Donck >> Urga


canton, pop and seat

URGA, oor'gd, or BOGDO-KUREN, Central Asia, a town, the capital of Northern Mongolia, on the Tola, at an elevation of 4,370 feet above sea-level. It contains several large Buddhist monasteries, occupied by about 10,000 monks, and is a sacred city of the Budd hists, the seat of a high priest or lama. With the exception of the monasteries and temples The town is dirty and ill-built. It is the seat of the Chinese administration of Northern Mongolia, and there is a separate Chinese quarter. It is also a considerable trading centre, lying as it does at the junction of high ways between Kiakhta and Peking. Before the World War the annual importations averaged nearly $8,000,000 value, and the exports $5,000, 000. The outgoing trade is mostly in wool, hides and furs. A branch of the Mongolian bank finances most of the commerce. . Buddhist Lamaism is the prevalent religion. Estimated pop. 40,000, part of whotri are nomadic.

URI, oo'ri, Switzerland, a canton in the central part of the country, bounded by the Schwyz, Glarus, Grisons, Ticino, Valais, Bern and Unterwalden, and extending from the southeastern shores of the Lake of Lucerne almost to the Italian frontier. Area, 415 square miles. 'Capital, Altdorf. The canton is trav ersed lengthwise by the narrow valley of the Reuss, which empties into the Lake of Lucerne, and which is hemmed in by lofty, glacier-cov ered mountains belonging chiefly to the Glarner and Urner Alps. Large numbers of cattle, sheep and goats are raised, and excellent cheese produced. The principal mechanical industry is the manufacture of explosives and ammuni tion. The canton is traversed by the Gotthard Railroad, and the tourist traffic is important. The inhabitants are chiefly Germans and Ro man Catholics. Pop. 723,000.