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Van Curler

nijkerk, arendt and schenectady

VAN CURLER, Arendt: b. Nijkerk, derland, 6 Feb. 1620; d. drowned in Lake Chain, plain in 1667. Pioneer in New Netherland, founder of the Dutch peace policy with the Iroquois, initial explorer of the Mohawk Valley, rescuer of French captives, he first made the settlement of Rensselaerwijk (Albany) a suc cess. Though cousin of the Patroon Van Rens selaer, he educated himself out of a system of semi-feudalism, bought the Great Flat" from the Indians, led a company of free farmers into the Mohawk Valley and founded the city of Schenectady. The personality of this far-see ing man, one of the builders of the future Em pire State, so far transcended his subordinate position under Governor Stuyvesant, that with the Iroquois and the French his enduring fame excels that of many men higher in office. The town (Schenectady), bay (Peru bay), and lake (Champlain) were all called (Corlaer" after him. What was almost unique, as Parkman wrote, is, that his name, meaning ear," was left untranslated, and became the title. in the Indian speech, not only of every one of the governors of New York but also of the sovereign of the British Empire (the great Corlaer). In 1909,

under the auspices of the Schenectady County Historical Society, with fitting ceremony, there was erected on the walls of the great church in Nijkerk a handsome bronze tablet to Arendt Van Curler's memory. Of the other two Van Curlers in New Netherland, one was Anthony the trumpeter. From the line and a half of history, Irving has constructed the character which in fiction is colossal, and from which the geographical terms, Anthony's Nose, a promontory, and Spuyten Duyvil, a village on the Hudson, are associated. jacobus Van Cur ler, a relative of Arendt, a member of the governor's council, commanded in 1633 the Dutch fort, House of Hope, on the Connecti cut River, near the site of Hartford. Later he became a schoolmaster on Manhattan, pur chased land and after him Hook" received its name. He returned to Nijkerk. Consult Cuoq's de la Langue Iro quoise) (1882) ; and Griffis,