VARNUM, James Mitchell, American gen eral: b. Dracut, Mass., 1749; d. Marietta, Ohio, 10 Jan. 1789. He was graduated from Rhode Island College (now Brown University), studied law and established himself in practice at East Greenwich, R. I. When the Revolution broke out, he was appointed colonel of a regiment to be raised to the counties of Kent and Kings, and afterward received a commis sion from Congress when Washington was ap pointed commander-in-chief. In February 1777, he became brigadier-general; and he com manded all the troops on the Jersey side of the Delaware, when the British and Hessians took possession of Philadelphia. In 1779 he resigned his commission, was delegate from Rhode Island to the Continental Congress 1780 82 and again in 1786-87. In 1787 he was ap pointed one of the judges of the Northwest Territory, and removed to Marietta, the first city established west of the Ohio.
V AR OTARI, Alessandro (known also as °IL Italian painter: b. Padua 1590; d. Venice, 1650. He was the son of bario Varotari, a Veronese painter, who taught his son the first Principles of his art. Alessandro subsequently went to Venice and there devoted himself with enthusi asm to the study of Titian and Paolo Veronese. The pictures he painted at Venice under the inspiration of these masters were most of them destined to adorn the churches of Padua. There are two examples of this painter in the London National Gallery; but his style and admirable coloring are best repre sented by his of Cana in Galilee' (1622) now in the Academy at Venice; and his Judith with the Head of Holofernes' (his grandest production), in the Dresden Gallery, a replica of which may be seen in the Imperial Gallery at Vienna.