VAUGHAN, Victor Clarence, American physician, scientist and educator: b. Mount Airy, Mo., 27 Oct. 1851. He was educated at Cen tral and Mount Pleasant colleges, Missouri, and at the universities of Michigan and Berlin. He was appointed instructor in the University of Michigan in 1876, made professor in 1880 and dean of the Medical School in 1891. As an educator he developed the combined collegiate and medical course which was first formulated and given in the University of Michigan in 1890 and has since been adopted by the majority of university medical schools in the United States. He has always advocated a broad fundamental training in language, including Latin, Greek, French and German, history, mathematics and the sciences, biology, physics and chemistry; and the acquisition of profes sional and expert knowledge based upon these fundamentals. His research studies have been devoted largely to the chemistry of bacteria and other proteins. He has shown that all proteins, bacterial, vegetable and animal, contain within their molecular structure poisonous groups, which though similar in physiological effects dif fer in chemical construction. His contributions
to science cover about 200 titles in American and European publications. He has been presi dent of the Association of American Physicians and the American Medical Association, and is a member of the American Philosophical As sociation, the National Academy of Sciences and honorary member of the French and Hun garian Societies of Hygiene. He served as division surgeon in the Cuban campaign in 1898 and was recommended for brevet-colonel by President McKinley for behavior in the battle of Santiago. With Reed and Shakespeare he studied the causes of typhoid in the camps in 1898 and as the surviving member of this commission he wrote the report, which has been of value in eliminating this disease in armies.