BROCK, Sat Isaac, English soldier, ethe hero of Upper Canada": b. Guernsey, 6 Oct. 1769; d. Queenston, Canada, 13 Oct. 1812. He was educated at Southampton and Rotterdam, and entered the army as ensign in the 8th regiment in 1785. In 1791 he transferred to the 49th infantry, with which regiment he was afterward principally associated. He served in North Holland in 1799, with distinction at the battle of Egmont-op-Zee. In 1802 he went to Canada at the head of the 49th regiment, re turning three years afterward; but in 1806 he was again in North America. In 1810 he was appointed provisional lieutenant-governor and commander of the forces in upper Canada, and in 1811 he became major-general. On the outbreak of the War of 1812 he acted with vigor and promptitude in making the disposi tions for the comparatively small forces under his command. In July, Fort Michilimackinac
was captured by the British forces, and in the following month Brock compelled the surrender of the American general Hull at Detroit. For these services he was created K.C.B. On 13 Oct. 1812, he was mortally wounded during an American attack on Queenston Heights. His remains, first interred at Fort George, were removed to a monument at Queenston Heights, which however was blown up by a fanatic Irishman on Good Friday 1840. A commanding column, with a statue of Brock, now crowns the heights, and the environs of the battlefield are a public park. There is also a monument to him in Saint Paul's Cathedral, London. Consult Lady Edgar, (General Brock' (Toronto 1904) ; and his 'Life and Correspond ence' edited by his nephew, F. B. Tupper (Lon don 1847).