CEBIDIE, sebi-de, a family of American monkeys, including the howler, saki, sapajou, spider-monkey (qq.v.), etc. See also MONKEY.
CEBU, or se-boo', Philippines, an island lying between Negros and Bohol, north of Mindanao. Its length northeast and south west is 139 miles; width, about 20 miles; area, 1,668 square miles. It has a mountain system consisting of a chain running the length of the island, nearer the east than the west coast. The mountains are not over 2,200 feet high, but their ascent is steep and it is difficult to cross them. There are six passes, the best being the southernmost, from Sibonga to Dumanjug, over which United States army officers constructed a temporary wagon road in the summer of 1900. The chief products are rice, chocolate, sugar and coffee. There are manufactures of hemp and pifia cloth, sugar-sacks, cocoanut, wine, sugar, salt and cheese. In 1827 coal was discovered in Cebu, the first found in the Philippines. It is of good grade, adapted to general use. The trade of the island is exten
sive. Besides the mountain passes there are two main highways, one on the east coast, and one on the west coast, while the port of Cebu has communication with Manila and the islands of the Visayan group. Cebu was first oc cupied by United States troops in February 1899. Operations against the insurgents re sulted in driving them from their position, and capturing a large quantity of material of war. This island, with a few dependent islands, forms the province of Cebu, in which civil govern ment was created under the govern ment act of 1901. At that time several of the cities had organized their municipal govern ments according to the code of the Philippine commission. Though the province was restored to military government for a time in 1901, civil government was permanently resumed in Janu ary 1902. The entire province has about 660 000 inhabitants; the island about 600,000; the capital about 60,000.