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king, prince and wife

CONSORT, he, she or that which shares the same lot with another; a companion; a part ner; an intimate associate; a wife or husband; applied in a modern sense chiefly to persons of royal degree or position, in countries where women are able to reign; as a queen consort; a prince consort; that is, the wife of a reigning monarch, or spouse of a queen-regnant. It is also applied to a ship sailing in company with another.

The queen consort, the wife of the reigning king, is, in all legal proceedings, looked upon as a single, not as a married woman. She may purchase and convey lands, grant leases and do other acts of ownership without the inter vention of the king. She may also sue and be sued in her separate person, and possesses courts and officers distinct from those of the king. She pays no toll, and is free from any fine which a court could impose upon women in general; but in other respects she is on a similar footing with the other subjects of the king. In her life and person, however, she en

joys the same protection as the king, it being high treason tt design the death of either. The husband of a queen-regnant is not endowed by the constitution with any distinctive rights or privileges. All his privileges and honors, there fore, must emanate from the Crown, under the form of a warrant, grant or patent, or else be conferred by act of Parliament introduced after a royal message on the subject. Up to 1857, when the title of Prince Consort was bestowed upon him by letters patent, the late Prince Al bert possessed no distinctive title and no place in court ceremonial but such as was accorded to him by courtesy. An opposite instance was that of Ferdinand of Aragon, who, on his marriage to Isabella of Castile, became joint ruler of that country.