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Contarini

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CONTARINI, the name of a noble family of Venice, one of the 12 that elected the first doge. The most important members were DomeNico, doge of Venice from 1043 to 1071 or 1073. He rebuilt Grado, and reduced the city of Zara, which had revolted. During his reign the rebuilding of Saint Mark's Church was undertaken. JncoPo, doge from 1075 to 1080. Under his reign the Venetians forced the city of Ancona to acknowledge their sovereignty over the Adriatic Sea. ANDREA, doge from 1367 to 1382. The Genoese, under Pietro Doria, bad conquered Chiozza in 1379, and threatened even Venice. Andrea Contarini reconquered Chiozza, captured the Genoese fleet and delivered the republic from its enemies (1380). FRANCESCO, fran-cheslok doge from 1623 to 1625. Under him Venice, in al liance with Louis XIII of France, the Duke of Savoy and the Protestant cantons of Switzerland, reconquered the Pays de Vaud in 1624, of which the Austrians had taken possession. Dino, doge from 1655 to 1656. Under his reign Lazaro Mocenigo, admiral of the republic, in June 1655 gained a brilliant victory over the Turks in the Dar danelles. DOMENICO, doge from 1659 to 1674. During his government Venice resisted for five years the attacks of the Turks on the island of Candia; but on 26 Sept. 1667, after a siege and defense of unexampled obstinacy, Fran cesco Morosini surrendered the island. AM BRCGIO, am-broTo, from 1473 to 1477, was am bassador of the Republic at the court of the King of Persia, Usun Kassan. The interesting description of his residence at this court first appeared at Venice in 1487, in Italian. GAS PARO, diplomatist, who served as Venetian Am bassador to the Diet of Worms in 1521. From there he accompanied Charles V to the Nether lands, England and Spain and negotiated a permanent peace between the Republic and Charles V in 1529. Pope Paul III conferred on him the cardinal's hat in 1535. In 1541 he was papal legate at the Diet of Ratisbon, where he distinguished himself by his moderation. After his return he was sent as legate to Bologna, where he died in 1542. GIOVANNI : b. Venice 1549; d. 1605; was one of the most distinguished painters of his age. He worked in the style

of Titian, and was particularly skilful in paint ing ceilings; for example, his 'Resurrection' in the church of San Francesco di Paolo, in Venice. VINCENZO, ven-chen'zo: b. Venice 1577; d. 1617; a scholar whose reputation was in early life so great that the magistrates of Padua established a new chair of Latin and Greek eloquence only to retain the learned youth of 26 years of age in their city. He lec tured there until 1614. At one time there no less than 18 branches of the family; one of the most important was that of Contarini dallo Zaffo or di Giaffa who had been invested with the countship of Jaffa in Syria for their services to Caterina Cornaro, queen of Cyprus; another was that of Contarini degli Scrigni, so called on account of their great wealth.

CONTlf, Nicolas Jacques, French inventor: d. Annon-sur-Orne, near Sees, 4 Aug. 1755; d. Paris, 6 Dec. 1805. He was at first a painter but afterward turned to the mechanical arts and when France was deprived through its war with England of its plumbago supply, he invented a substitute in the shape of a mixture of graphite and clay which was subsequently used for the manufacture of black lead pencils, known as ((crayons Conte.° This process was the foundation of all subsequent manufactures of pencils. After several suc cessful experiments in the use of the balloon for military purposes he was made director of the French Aerostatic Institute and chief of the aerostatic corps of the army. He accompanied the French army at the time of Napoleon's expedition to Egypt and erected works in Cairo for the manufacture of arms, ammunition, sur gical instruments, bread and other necessaries. He also invented a barometer (1798) similar to Vidi's. In 1802 he instigated the foundation of the Society for the Encouragement of National Industry. When the results of the Egyptian expedition were ready to be published, Conte was commissioned to`take complete charge of its production. He endeavored to construct an engraving machine for this purpose, but died before the work was well under way. Consult Jomard, 'Conte, sa vie et ses travaux) (Paris 1852).