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Contes De Dies

stories, tales, fairy and mother

CONTES DE DIES, kont' de fa' (Fairy Tales). The (Contes de Fees,' or Fairy Tales, published in 1697 under the name of °Perrault Fils," who was then only 10 years old, vvere written by his father, the Academician Charles Perrault, better lcnown through his controversy with Boileau about the relative merits of the Ancients and Moderns. The stories were not original, but belonged to the universal folk lore, as old as humanity itself ; to Perrault belongs the credit of having given to them a definite literary form, not entirely free from certain mannerisms of the time, yet simple, natural and well adapted to the subject and to the minds of children. Such stories as (Blue Beard,"Puss in Boots,) and (The Sleeping Beauty) have become a part of the world litera ture of childhood, and have been widely imitated every-where.

Published under the title (Contes de rna mere l'Oye,) or Stories from Mother Goose, both stories and title have caused many specula tions as to their origin. The most plausible theory about the origin of such stories is that the human mind in its infancy received the same impressions from the various phenomena of nature, and from its own feelings of hunger, fear, love, etc. The storics telling of such

emotions were further modified by migrations to different countries and climes. 'Mother Goose> has been said to represent many noted personalities, from the wife of Charlemagne to the Queen of Sheba, and even the Virgin Maryl She is more likely the personification of the °Grandmother° or the °Old Nurse° giving free rein to her imagination for the entertainment of young children. The °Fairies° who do such wonderful things in these stories are, as their name indicates (French: fie; Latin: fatumi fata, fate, destiny), the livmg representation of the many influences which affect our lives, favorably or otherwise. They are creations of the mind instinctively attracted and affected by the unusual, the mysterious and the unlmown.

Perrault's (Fairy Tales' have been translated into all languages; they have brought about the collection of many stories of folk-lore in all countries, and have been widely imitated, par ticularly by the Brothers Grimm, Hans Ander sen, etc., and in France by George Sand, (Stories of a Grand Mother); Ch. Nodier, (Evening Stories' ; and Daudet, etc.

Lotns A. LOISEAMC.