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Corporal Punishment

flogging, school and ment

CORPORAL PUNISHMENT, punish ment applied to the body of the offender. In its connection with civil government it technically includes flogging, imprisonment and the death penalty, but in common parlance its meaning is more restricted and refers only to flogging or whipping of the body. Various extreme and cruel methods of punishment once in vogue have been discontinued in Christian nations, but are still practised in Oriental countries and among uncivilized races. The practice is sup ported by the argument that whipping which produces stinging but transient pain, without mangling the body and without such public dis grace as to destroy the sense of shame, is an effi cient corrective for those cruel or brutal or intractable offenders, such as wife- and child beaters and "white slavers," who are insensible to the punishment of confinement or other ordinary penalties. Corporal punishment at the hands of public officers as a punishment for crime is usually inflicted by flogging in prison or at the public whipping post. It still survives in Eng land and in many American States as a means of discipline of convicts confined in prisons.

Corporal punishment was once considered indis pensable in school discipline and was very severe in form in the schools of Europe before the advent of the Innovators (q.v.). Since that period its moral and even its immediate prac tical benefits have been increasingly questioned, and its practice has gradually lessened. Ameri can schools have gone farther in this respect than those of Europe. This form of punish ment is forbidden by the school law of New Jersey, and to a greater or less degree is re stricted in many municipalities of the other States. See BASTINADO; CANG; FLOGGING; Towruim.

Mann, 'School Punish ment' ; Painter, 'History of Rein, 'Outlines of ; White, 'School Management' ; Wines, F. H., 'Punishment and Reformation' (New York 1910) ; Saleilles, 'Individualization of Punishment) (translated from the second French edition by 1Z. S. Jas trow, Boston 1911) ; Ives, 'History of Penal Methods' (New York 1914).