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Corpus Juris Canonici

law, church and promulgated

CORPUS JURIS CANONICI, the body of laws for government of the Church enacted by popes, councils and synods or drawn the writings of the fathers, and the approved and promulgated by the holy see. There were numerous collections of canons naade and published both in the East and the West prior to the time of 'Gratian, the dolese monk, professor of theology in the Uhl= versity of Bologna, who in 1139 compiled the Decretum, called also Decretum Gratiani, which constitutes the first part of the body of the canon law. It is the first methodized general collection of Church laws from the time of Constantine to the year of its publication, and is ip three books, treating, the first, of ecclesi astical persons and offices; the second, of: cases arising under the several canons, decretals and other authoritative rules; and the third of the sacraments and rites of the Church. The second part of the Corpus Juris Canonici is Decretals of Gregory IX, promulgated in 1234, This book contains all decretal epistles of from 1139 to the date of its publication. It

followed by the Liber,Sextus, 1298, promulgated by Bonifacius VIII; by the Clementinm or con stitutions of Clement V 1317; finally the Ex-' travagantes, revised in 1563, contain all decretals, promulgated to that date. With the Extrava gantes ends the systematic compilation of matter of canon law. In the reign of Henry VIII the English Parliament ordered a revision of the Corpus Juris Canonici to make it con form to the new order of things brought by the law of the king's supremacy in matters of religion: meanwhile the old system was hold so far as might consist with the new order. But no revision has been made, and hence, with, a few reserves, the Corpus Juris Canonici is, law for the Church of England. For the Cor pus furls Vivilis see CIVIL LAW ; see also CANON LAW.