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Coursing

hare, dogs, hares and °the

COURSING, a kind of sport in which hares are hunted by greyhounds, which follow the game by sight instead of by scent. Coursing is a very old sport, but in modern times it has been considerably modified in various ways, mainly through the influence of the English coursing dubs, which began to be formed in the latter half of the 18th century, one promi nent club, the Swaffham, being founded in 1776. These clubs in 1858 formed a central body called the National Coursing Club, which now controls the whole sport. In 1882 the 'Greyhound Stud Book,) a genealogical record, was started, and dogs without pedigrees, or not entered in that book, are not now allowed to compete. Meetings are held in various locali ties, at which dogs are entered for a variety of stakes, as horses are at a race-meeting. The °blue ribbon of the coursing year in England is the Waterloo Cup, run in the Altcar meadows, near Liverpool, for which 64 dogs compete.

This pastime has become immensely popular in the western United States, and under the supervision and control of the American Cours ing Board large meets annually take place in the open country of the two Dakotas, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota, where hares are plentiful. The contests take place in prac tically the same way as in England and under similar rules. The greyhounds are sent out, two in each leash, in the care of a °slipper,' who lets the dogs slip upon orders from the judge, when a hare has been sighted. The judge

follows the dogs, and gives °points° to each according to the cleverness of its individual work. It may so happen that the dog which actually kills the hare may not be adjudged victor, because the other dog may have made the most points during the course. The follow ing is the scale of marks: (I) For speed, ac cording to the degree of superiority shown, one, two or three points. (2) For the ago by° (the starting of a greyhound a clear length behind its opponent, passing him in a straightaway run and obtaining a clear length's lead), two or three points. (3) The °turn° (a sharp turn of not less than a right angle in the hare's course when pressed by a dog), one point. (4) °The wrench,D a change of less than a right angle in a hare's course when pressed, half a point. (5) °The two points or less. (6) °The trip,)) an unsuccessful effort which throws the hare off its legs; or the getting so close to the hare as to snatch the bare and lose hold, one point, more or less, in the judge's discretion. One course will often traverse three miles before a kill is made. The cavalcade of sightseers' is kept in a line behind the coursing hare and hounds by the steward. Consult Macpherson, H. A., 'Coursing the Hare) ((Fur and Feather Earl of Suffolk, The Encyclopedia of Sports and (London 1911).