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Cowboys

juice, family, species, name, leaves and milk

COWBOYS, in the American Revolution, a band of American Tories who infested the neutral ground of Westchester County, N. Y., robbed the Whigs and Loyalists and made a specialty of stealing cattle. A similar band of marauders on the British side received the name of °Skinners.* The word cowboys is now used to designate the men who have charge of the cattle on the vast ranges in the west and south west of the United States. They are well mounted and usually wear a fanciful costume. They are bold and adventurous and necessarily have to encounter many dangers. A number of them were enlisted in two regiments of cavalry for the war with Spain, and, under the popular name of ("Rough greatly distinguished themselves in the early part of the campaign against Santiago, in Cuba.

or GIANT PARSLEY, popular names for several species of the genus Heracleum of the family Apiacete. They are coarse perennial herbs three to six feet tall, with large attractive leaves, for which the plants are valued in ornamental gardening, especially dose to water and in wet soil. They should not be allowed to produce seed, because they are likely to become troublesome as weeds. Several of the species, of which there are about 60 widely distributed in temperate climates, are used as stock-feed, particularly in Europe, and have been suggested as desirable to plant for this purpose, because they produce an abun dance of leaves very early in the spring. H. panoces is usually so recommended. It often attains heights exceeding eight feet and bears numerous leaves two or more feet long. One species, H. lanatum, is widely distributed in North America and furnishes edible stems which in Alaska are called wild celery.

(tomacentrus saxatilis), a small fish, so called in Bermuda because it is believed always to accompany the cowfish (ostracium). It is one of the demoiselles and is

also called amojarra.'" a perennial plant of the family Asclepiadacm, milkweed family, which has acquired a celebrity from the repeated state ment that its juice is used as milk and that its leaves are boiled to supply the want of cream. This arises from the appearance of the juice, which is white and. viscid and contains the poi sonous principles characteristic of the milkweed family. In parts of the United States cow-plant is a common name for Rhododendron maxi mum.

a name given to a number of trees of different families, the milky juice of which is used as a substitute for milk. A large tree (Brosimuns galaetodendron) belonging to the family Moracece, emits, when pierced, a highly nutritious milky juice with an agreeable creamy odor and taste recalling that of cow's milk, but which is slightly viscid and soon be comes yellow, gradually thickening into a some what cheesy consistency. It grows on the Cor dilleras of the coast of Venezuela, where it is called polo de vaca, or drbol de !eche. The negroes and other lean natives of the region fatten on its milk. The cow-tree or hya-hya of Demerara is Tabermemontana utilis, a tree be longing to the Asclepiadacew. In this family the milky juice is usually acrid and poisonous and even that of the other species of the same genus is of a sharp and burning taste. In this case, however, the juice is agreeable and whole some, although somewhat sticky, owing to the large proportion of caoutchouc.

the common name for the hetniparasitic scrophulariaceous genus Melant pyrum, of which there are several species.