Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 8 >> County to Crome >> Craig

Craig

fell, court and church

CRAIG, John, Scottish preacher of the Reformation: b. Aberdeenshire 1512; d. Edin burgh, 12 Dec. 1600. He was educated at Saint Andrews, entered the Dominican Order, but soon fell under the suspicion of heresy and was cast into prison. On his release (1536) he traveled on the Continent, and after sometime was, through Cardinal Pole's influence, made novice master in the Dominican convent at Bologna and later was rector. While here Calvin's fell in his way and con verted him to Protestant doctrines. He was brought before the Inquisition and sentenced to be burned a fate from .which he was saved by the mob, on the death of Pope Paul IV, breaking open the prisons of Rome. Craig escaped to Vienna and obtained favor at the court of Maximilian II, but the Pope demanded his surrender as one condemned for heresy. The emperor, however, instead of complying with the request, gave Craig safe-conduct out of Germany. He now returned to Scotland and was appointed the colleague of John Knox in the parish church of Edinburgh.

hinking the marriage of Queen Mary and Bothwell contrary to the word of God, he boldly refused to proclaim the banns, but after ward yielded under protest. In 1572 Craig was sent to Forfarshire until 1579, when he was ap pointed chaplain to King James VI. He now took a leading part in the affairs of the Church, was the compiler of part of the Book of Discipline,' and the writer of the national covenant signed in 1580 by the king and his household. He was a man of great conscien tiousness and was not slow to oppose the pro ceedings of the court when he deemed them contrary to Scripture and to speak wholesome but unpleasant truths to majesty itself. Con sult the black-letter facsimile reprint of Craig's (Catechisms) (Edinburgh 1:5), with introduc tion by T. Graves Law.