CURLING, a Scottish game played on the ice, with large smooth stones of a hemispher ical form, with an iron or wooden handle at the top, which the players slide from one mark to another. The space within which the stones move is called the (32-42 yards long and 10 yards wide), and the hole or mark at each end the "tee?' The number of players upon a rink is 8 or 16-8 when the players use 2 stones each, weighing not more than 44 pounds nor less than 32 pounds with out handles, and not of greater circumfer ence than 36 inches, nor of greater or less height than one-eighth of the longest diam ter and 16 when they use 1 stone each. The object of the player is to lay his stone as near to the mark as possible, to guard that of his partner which has been well laid before, or to strike off that of his antagonist When the stones on both sides have been all played, the stone nearest the tee counts one, and if the sec ond, third, fourth belong to the same side, each counts one more. No stone is counted unless it
reaches the mark called "hog score"; and if it out of the rink it is discounted also. One player on each side, called the "skip," takes charge of the sweeping of the ice. The game is also played for individual points, no part ners or sides being taken. The stones are usu ally polished to facilitate their speed. A set of matches is called Thonspiel? The game is a one of Scottish origin and very pop ular in northern countries. International and interstate matches are played and trophies are awarded. There are various clubs devoted to the sport, the oldest being in Scotland. Eng land, Ireland, Newfoundland, Russia, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States have associate clubs. In 1867 the Grand Na tional Curling Club was organized. Consult Ramsay, 'An Account of the Game of Curling) (Edinburgh 1811) ; and Spalding's Annual Athletic Manual.