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Curzon

india, house and lord

CURZON, George Nathaniel (EARL CUV ZON or KEDLESTON), English statesman and ad,: ministrator: b. Kedleston, 11 Jan. 1859,. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford;; became assistant private secretary to the Mar quis of Salisbury in 1885 and next year was elected member of Parliament for the South port division of Lancashire, which he repre sented till 1898. He was under-secretary for India in 1892 and in 1895 became under-secretary of state for foreign affairs. In 1899 he was appointed viceroy of India, and at the same time created a peer (in the Irish peerage) by the style of Baron Curzon of Kedleston. His object in accepting an Irish peerage was that he might be eligible to sit in the House of Commons during the lifetime of his father, Baron Scarsdale. His reign as viceroy of India was characterized by great vigor and he carried some important reforms; but the partition of Bengal aroused considerable hos tility among the natives. He was brought into conflict with Lord Kitchener, then commander in-chief in India, on a question affecting the civil control of military affairs, and as his views were not supported by the home government, he resigned 20 Aug. 1905. He was one of the

leaders of the House of Lords in defending that House against the attacks of the Liberal party, but assisted materially in reconciling the majority of the peers to accepting the pro visions of the Parliament Act c1912). In June 1915 he joined the Asquith coalition ministry as Lord Privy Seal. He holds a distinguished place as a geographer and author; was elected chancellor of Oxford University in 1907; was president of the Royal Geographical Society, 1911-14; and was created Earl Curzon in 1911. He married Mary Victoria, daughter of L Z. Leiter, Chicago, in 1895, who died in 1906. He is the author of 'Russia in Central Asia' (1889); and the Persian Question) (1892); (Problems of the Far East' (1894); 'Lord Curzon in India> (1906) ; (Principles and Methods of University Reform' (1909) ;