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dordrecht, cows, excellent and portraits

CUYP, the name of a family of Dutch artists: (1) JACOB Giatarrsz, Dutch painter, commonly called the OLD CUYP ; b. Dordrecht 1575; d. 1651. Jacob Cuyp's representation of cows and sheep, battles and encampments, are clever, but his fame rests principally on his ex cellent portraits which can he found at Berlin, Cologne, Frankfort, Amsterdam, Stockholm and Metz. His coloring is warm and tran sparent; his manner free and spirited. His portrayals of peasant groups are excellent. He was fond of pet animals into his portraits. In one portrait of a family group, now in the Rothschild collection, an out-of doors scene is represented with cows grazing here and there. These animals are depicted with the greatest accuracy. Cuyp was one of the four founders of the Guild of Saint Luke at Dordrecht. (2) BENJAMIN GERRITSZ, half brother of the preceding: b. Dordrecht 1612; d. 1652. In 1631 he became a member of the Guild. He painted historical and mythological scenes, in the Italian manner, with great force, crudity of color, but excellent in design and grouping. Some of his pictures are 'Angels at the Tomb of Christ' (Stockholm) • 'Adora tion of the Shepherds' (Berlin) ; 'Episode in the History of Cambyses) (Paris). (3) Mama, the nephew of the former and the best known of this family: b. Dordrecht 1620; d. there 1691. He studied with his father and at first imitated him, but later developed a style of his own.

In 1658, he married a wealthy widow, Cornelia Bosnian, by whom he had one daughter. He sat in the high court of the province of Dord wyck, where he had considerable property, and was even considered as a candidate for the regency of Dordrecht in 1672. It is from this locality that his inspiration comes — every mood of nature is sensitively depicted in his many canvasses; there are clear blue skies, pleasant meadows, quiet restful cows and horses; the people and costumes of the time—handled with sincere appreciation and fine skill in light and shade and perspective, and a homely, pleas ant realism. Examples of his animal pictures are to be found at Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Petrograd and Brussels; of his portraits the best are at Buckingham Palace, Bridgewater Gallery, Louvre and Dresden museums. An excellent night picture is the 'Night on the Banks of a River' in the Grosvenor collection. Other well-known works are 'View of Dord recht); 'Riders with Boy and Herdsman) (National Gallery) ; 'Piper with Cows) (Louvre). He painted a few allegori cal subjects also, but these do not equal his other works in charm and facility. Consult Wiirzbach, Kiinstler-Lexi kon) (Leipzig 1906) and De Groot, 'Be schreibung and Verzeichniss der Werke hollan discher 1908). John Smith's 'Catalogue enumerates his works (9 vols., 1840).