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cargo, transfer and american

DACIA, a Hamburg-Amerika liner origi nally employed in the cotton trade between Gal veston and Hamburg. Just before the outbreak of the European War she entered Port Arthur, Tex., and remained in obscurity there until, at the end of the year (1914), the announcement was made that she had been sold to Mr. Brei tung, an American citizen of German extraction. It was also stated that the vessel, renamed the Margaret, was to carry a cargo of cotton direct to Bremen, sailing under the American flag. The British, French and Russian governments would not admit the transfer of the vessel to American registry on the grounds that such transfer was not valid in accordance with inter national law.. It was further objected that this transfer would, if allowed, serve as a precedent on which might be decided the fortunes of a large number of German liners interned not only in the United States, but in many other neutral countries. On 21 Jan. 1915 the British Ambassador in Washington gave notice that his government was unable to agree to the transfer and that, if the Dacia (or Margaret) put to sea and were captured, she would be brought before a prize court. If, however, the

cargo consisted solely of cotton owned by American citizens, the British government would guarantee the purchase of the cargo at the price which would be realized by the shippers if it had arrived at its foreign destination ; or, if preferred, the government would undertake to forward the cotton to Rotterdam without further expense to the shippers. The United States Treasury Department decided to insure the cargo, but refused to insure the vessel. Clearance papers were issued on 22 January, from Galveston for Rotterdam; after coaling at Norfolk, Va., the ship sailed on 12 Feb. 1915. On 28 February she was arrested in the Channel by a French warship and taken into Brest. On 5 July 1915 the Dacids cargo was declared a prize, and to be sold at Havre 27 July. The validity of the seizure was confirmed by the prize court on 4 August.