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Dalberg

archbishop, elector and ratisbon

DALBERG, darbirg, Karl Theodor, BARON VON, Prince and Archbishop of Mayence, chancellor of the empire, and elector: b. 1744; d. Ratisbon, 10 Feb. 1817. Having made his academic studies in the universities of G8ttin gen and Heidelberg, he devoted himself to the study of canon law and entered the ecclesiasti cal state. In 1772 he was made, by the Elector Archbishop of Mayence, privy counselor and governor of Erfurt. His administration was directed purely to the welfare of the people and he earned the reputation of being a faithful and capable man of affairs. He continued in the service of the elector and at the death of his patron he succeeded him as archbishop, elector and arch-chancellor of the empire (1802). In 1804 the Pope, Pius VII, being then in Paris for the occasion of the crowning of Napoleon, Archbishop Dalberg was invited. by Napoleon to Paris for the purpose of inducing Pope Pius to approve a proposed readjust ment of ecclesiastical affairs in Germany. The archbishop served well the interests of the French emperor and later had his reward when the readjustment was effected, for, though he had to give up the archiepiscopal see of Mayence and his dignities in the empire, he was more than recompensed by being made metropolitan of Ratisbon, while Aschaffenburg, Wetzlar and Ratisbon were erected, on his be half, into a princedom. Further his purely ec

clesiastical jurisdiction was enlarged by being made to extend over such parts of the ecclesi astical jurisdiction of Mayence, Cologne and Treves as lie on the right bank of the Rhine. But of all these dignities and powers, except the archbishppric of Ratisbon, he was deprived after the fall of Napoleon. He was a man of learning, a lover and patron of art and the inti mate friend of Goethe, Schiller, Wieland and the great contemporary lights of German lit erature. He was author of several works on philosophy and aesthetics (much consulted by scholars),' and he took a lively interest in nat ural history, mineralogy, chemistry and agricul ture. Consult Beaulieu-Marconnay, (Karl von Dahlberg and seine Zeit> (2 vols., 1879); and Kramer, of Karl von Dahlberg) (Leip zig 1821).