Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 8 >> Curzon to Danbury >> Dalcroze


geneva and special

DALCROZE, dalicroz% Emile Jacques, Swiss composer and originator of eurythmics: b. Vienna, 6 July 1865. He lived in Geneva from 1873 to 1910. While pursuing the study of lit erature at the University of Geneva, he also attended the conservatory. Later he studied with Fuchs, Graedener and Bruckner at the Vienna Conservatory, and also with Delibes in Paris. In 1892 he became professor of harmony and solfeggio at the Conservatory of Geneva. It was here that he first conceived his idea of laying special stress on rhythm. He began by insisting on his pupils beating the time with their hands. Gradually the feet and the entire body were called into play, thus co-ordinating the music with elaborate and graceful rhythmic movement. He had developed his ideas to a considerable extent when he succeeded in inter esting the French psychologist Edouard Clapa ride, and together with him he elaborated a special terminology and reduced his practice to a system. When his request to have his system

introduced as a regular course into the conserva tory was refused, he resigned and left Geneva. At Helleran, near Dresden, he established in 1910 a special school for eurythmics, of which he was thereafter the director. The fame of this institution spread rapidly, so that within three years the system found its way into many schools of Germany, France, Russia and Eng land. In 1913 it was introduced into Bryn Mawr College, and two special schools were established in New York and Chicago respectively. He has written two operas, Janie) (1893) and 'Sancho Panza' (1897) ; 'La Veillee) and Alpestre,' for soli, chorus and orchestra; a violin concerto and some excellent songs.