DALLAS, Ga., Battle Lines at. After the Confederate evacuation of Dalton (see Dm:1.0N, GA., MILITARY OPERATIONS AT), 12 May 1864, and the battle of Resaca, 14-15 May, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army retreated by way of Calhoun and Adairsville to Cassville, where General Johnston prepared to make a stand, and General Sherman closed in on him for battle; but Johnston abandoned Cassville during the night of the 19th, and next day crossed to the south side of the Etowah. Sherman occupied Cassville and Kingston, and prepared for an other advance. As Johnston held the line of the railroad at Allatoona Pass and other points in advance of Marietta, Sherman concluded to turn those positions by moving from Kingston to Marietta by way of Dallas, a small town about 25 miles south of Kingston and 20 miles west of Marietta, and the converging point of many roads. On the 23d the movement began, but on the same day the Confederate cavalry discovered it, and Johnston divined its intention and prepared to check it by marching to Dallas and covering the roads leading to it.
On the 25th as the advance of Hooker's (Twentieth) corps neared Dallas it was discov ered that Hood's Confederate corps held the cross roads at New Hope Church, four miles northeast of Dallas. Hooker concentrated his corps and attacked Hood late in the evening and was repulsed with a loss of 1,346 killed and wounded, and about 60 missing. Hood's loss was less than 400. During the night and early next day the rest of the army moved up on the right and left of Hooker and entrenched, Mc Pherson's two corps, on the right, holding Dallas.
Sherman gradually extended to the left, I skirmishing heavily all aloe the line, and on the evening of the 27th T. J. Wood's division of the Fourth corps attacke the extreme right of the Confederate army near Pickett's Mill and, after a most gallant effort, was repulsed with a loss of 1,224 killed and wounded and 318 .missing. The Confederates reported a loss of 85 killed and 363 wounded. This engagement
was a little over two miles northeast of New Hope Church.
There was now heavy skirmishing all along the line, some seven miles in length; and Sher man, still extending to the left, ordered Mc Pherson, who was entrenched at Dallas, to close in on Hooker at New Hope Church, that Hooker might extend to the left; but McPher son deferred the movement until next day (28th), and was getting ready to make it when he was attacked. The Confederates made a desperate effort to seize his works, but were repulsed with a loss of some 390 killed and wounded. McPherson's loss was over 400, of whom 325 were killed and wounded and 54 missing in the Fifteenth corps, which bore the brunt of the assault. This was the battle of Dallas.
Sherman continued his movement to the left; McPherson left Dallas I June, and closed in on Hooker at New Hope Church; Hooker went to the left; all the wagon roads leading to Allatoona and Ackworth were secured. Alla toona was seized, also the railroad back to the Etowah, and 4 June Sherman was preparing to attack Johnston, at New Hope Church, when he found that he had abandoned all his works and fallen back to Kenesaw Mountain; whereupon Sherman moved to the railroad at Ackworth and Big Shanty, and the first stage of the campaign for Atlanta ended. The Union loss in the battles and constant heavy skirmishing near and at Dallas (25-31 May) was about 3,600 killed and wounded. Johnston reports the Confederate loss at 2,005 killed and wounded. The first stage of the campaign (6-31 May) cost the Union army 9,299 killed, wounded and missing; Johnston reports the Confederate loss for the same period at 5,807 killed, and wounded. Consult (Official Records> (Vol. X,XXVIII) ; Van-Horne, of the Army of the Cumberland> (VoL II); Sherman, 'Memoirs> (Vol. II).