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dame and title

DAMBUL, dim-boor, DAMBOOL, or DAMBULLA, a village in the island of Ceylon, at the junction of four lines of road, 70 miles northeast of Colombo. It takes its name from the rock Dambul, a large mass of gneiss and mica schist which rises 550 feet above the sur rounding plain, and contains a number of caves, one of them with a long inscription relating to the government of Ceylon in the 12th century, and another with a colossal statue of Buddha hewn out of the rock. The priests of Buddha still officiate in these cave temples.

DAME (Lat. domino, mistress), a title of honor which long distinguished high-born ladies from the wives of citizens and of the common alty in general, and which still is the legal title in Great Britain of a baronet's or a knight's wife. In consequence of the greater courtesy shown toward women of higher rank, arose the custom of prefixing the word ma to dame, as a special proof of veneration and homage. Hence,

too, the Virgin-mother was called in France Notre Dame (our lady, as if no single Chris tian could exclusively claim the privilege of serving her with the homage of his heart). The daughters of the king of France, as soon as they came into the world, were called madame; and this was also the sole title of the wife of the king's eldest brother. In England, the word dame, though not much used, is now applied to married women of all classes. It is also ap plied particularly to the mistress of a small elementary school or boarding-house at boys' schools. Madame is shortened into madam, a usual term of address for ladies in general, but still also a word of honor, applicable, in par ticular cases, to majesty itself.