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paris, archbishop, diocese and refused

DARBOY, dar-bwi, Georges, archbishop of Paris: b. Fayl-Billot, department of Haut Marne, 16 Jan. 1813; d. Paris, 24 May 1871. He was admitted to the priesthood 1836, and began regular parish work; but in 1839 became professor, first of philosophy, then of dogmatic theolpgy in the ecclesiastical seminary of Lan gres. Removing to Paris in 1846 he was for a while attached to the College of Henry IV and was also editor of the journal Moniteur Cath olique; in 1854 he was appointed vicar-general of the archbishop of Paris and inspector of re ligious instruction in the schools of the diocese, that is, superintendent of the Christian doctrine work in the diocese. In 1859 he was consecrated bishop of Nancy, and in 1863 was appointed successor to Archbishop Sibour of Paris, who had been slain by an assassin. He was a strenu ous upholder of episcopal independence and became involved with Rome through his efforts to suppress the jurisdiction of the Jesuits and other religious orders in his diocese. Pius IX refused him the cardinal's hat and rebuked him for his liberalism. In the Vatican Council he was one of the leaders of the minority who op posed the declaration of papal infallibility on the ground that such a declaration was in opportune; but after the definition he was one of the first among its former opponents to make submission. In the siege of Paris by the German armies he won universal approval for his de voted labors in relieving the wounded and succoring the distressed; and when the Com munists, known to be his mortal foes, came into control of the city, he refused to seek safety outside the walls. Arrested by the Commune

and held as a hostage, he with other hostages was fusilladed to death in the yard of the prison of La Roquette. The end came while he was in the attitude of blessing his assassins and in voking forgiveness for them. His body was recovered with difficulty and was buried with imposing ceremony at the public expense on 7 June 1871. It was not a mere accident or coincidence that he was the author of a of Saint Thomas O. Becket' (1859), that arch bishop of Canterbury, who was slain by assassins before the high altar of his cathedral church 700 years before; within 23 years he had seen his two nearest predecessors, archbishops of Paris, murdered, one by an individual assassin, the other (Affre) by the insurgent populace. In addition to his scholarly work, The Life of Saint Thomas a Becket,' he wrote a new translation of the Areopagite,' and also a translation of the (Imitation of Christ' ; (Women of the Bible' (8th ed., 1876) ; 'Holy Women' (4th ed., 1877). Consult the biography by Foulon (Paris 1889) and Guiller min (ib. 1888).