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DAUBENY, da'be-nI or dob'nT, Charles Giles Bridle, English scientist: b. Stratton, Gloucestershire, 11 Feb. 1795; d. Oxford, 13 Dec. 1867. He was educated at Winchester School and Magdalen College, Oxford, and practised for some years as a physician in Ox ford. In 1819 he visited Auvergne, and in 1837 made a scientific visit to the United States. From 1822 to 1855 he was professor of chemis try in the University of Oxford. In 1834 he became professor of botany, and in 1840 of rural economy in the same university. He held the last appointment till his death. His prin cipal works are (A Description of Active and Extinct Volcanoes> (1826) Introduction to the Atomic Theory> (1831) ; with a supple ment, 1840) ; 'Mineral and Thermal (1836) ; 'Lectures on Agriculture> (1841) ; of (1860) ; on Climate) (1863).

D'AUBIGNit, Jean Henri Merle, Swiss ecclesiastical historian: b. Eaux Vives, near Geneva, Switzerland, 16 Aug. 1794;

d. Geneva, 21 Oct. 1872. In 1818 he became pastor of the French Protestant church in Ham burg. In 1823 he was appointed court-preacher at Brussels; but after the revolution of 1830 returned to Geneva, and filled the chair of Church history in its theological seminary until his death. The work which has given him a widespread reputation is his 'Histoire de la Reformation au Seiner= Siecle) (1835-53), which has been translated into most European tongues. It is written with a devout, fervid sym pathy that is often eloquent, although the nar rative is too graphic to be everywhere exact. Among his other writings are 'Germany, Eng land and (1848) a vindication of Cromwell (1848) ; giecles de Lutte en Ecosse' (1849) ; and de la Reforma tion en Europe au Temps de Calvin> (1862-78).