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les, tartarin, paris and aventures

DAUDET, do-di, Alphonse, French novel ist: b. Nimes, 13 May 1840; d. Paris, 16 Dec. 1897. He was educated at the Lyons Lye& and for two years after leaving it supported himself as an usher at Alais. Going to Paris in 1857 he took to writing verse, his first volume being Amoureuses> (1858), which met with some success. This was followed by other poems, including Double Conversion' (1859), and at this time he also contributed to the Figaro and other journals. About 1862 he began writing for the stage, and during the suc ceeding 10 years or so several dramas by him were represented but only with moderate suc cess. These included Derriere Idol& (1862) ; Blanc' (1865), and Frere Aine (1868). Greater public favor was ac corded to his de mon moulin,> which appeared in 1866 in a Parisian journal. In 1872 he produced his celebrated 'Les Aventures Prodigieuses de Tartarin de Tarascon,> an amusing satire on the boastfulness so character istic of the south of France. From this time he published numerous works, some of the best being (1876) ; Nabab> (1877); 'Les Rois en Exil) (1879) ; 0885), a sequel to 'Les Aventures Prodigieuses' ; (Trente Ans a Paris> (autobiographical) (1887) ; 'Souvenirs d'un Homme de Lewes' (1889) ; 'Port Tarascon, derrieres Aventures d'Illustre Tartarin' (1890) ; 'Rose et Ninette' (1892) ; Menteuse' (1893) ; (1897) ; Fedor> '(1897) ; and

M. Daudet has often been compared with Dickens in his mastery of pathos and humor. Some of his works rely mainly on his great powers of caricature for their success.

Literary critics appreciate Daudet for his pol ished style, his originality and his insight Into the foibles of humanity. His unaffected sym pathy, somewhat tinged with a certain melo dramatic sentimentality, and his saving sense of humor constitute his greatest appeal to the average reader. His works have been translated into English and in this dress have been very popular. A complete edition appeared in Boston in 1900. (See SAPPHO; TARTARIN). Consult Brunetiere, 'Le Roman naturaliste) (1896) ; Ratti, G. A., (1898).