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David Ii

scotland and edward

DAVID II, king of Scotland: b. Dunferm line, Scotland, 5 March 1324; d. Edinburgh, 22 Feb. 1371. He was the son of Robert Bruce (q.v.), and succeeded to the throne in 1329. On the death of his father he was acknowledged by the great part of the nation. Edward Baliol, however, the son of John Baliol, formed a party for the purpose of supporting his pretensions to the crown; he was backed by Edward III of England. Battles were frequent, and at first Bahol was successful; but eventually David's supporters succeeded in driving him from Scot land. David and his queen, who had taken refuge in France, now returned to Scotland and took the reins of government into his own hands. Still, however, the war was carried on with England with increasing rancor, till at length David was made prisoner at the battle of Neville's Cross (1346). After being detained in captivity for 11 years he was ransomed for 100,000 marks. David returned to Scotland but

the kingdom was so poor that it was found im possible to raise the ransom. A few instal ments were paid and David sought to be rid of further liability in the matter by offering to make Edward III, or one of his sons, his suc cessor in Scotland. The Scottish Parliament indignantly rejected all proposals of this nature, but David treated secretly with Edward III over the matter. He left no children and was succeeded by his nephew, Robert II. As a ruler he was weak and incapable, lacking the patriotic spirit which animated his father. Consult (ib. 1900).