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DAVID, Jacques Louis, French painter: b. Paris, 30 Aug. 1748; d. Brussels, 29 Dec. 1825. He studied under Vien and entered the schools of the Academy. After obtaining the grand prize in Paris he studied in Rome from 1775 to 1780, devoting himself particularly to historical painting. He visited Rome a second time in 1784 and finished his masterpiece, the 'Oath of the Horatii,' which Louis XVI had commis sioned him to design from a scene in the Boraces of Corneille. In the same year he painted his in 1787, the 'Death of Socrates' i and in 1788, 'Paris and Helen.' He finished, in 1789, a large painting represent ing Brutus condemning his sons to death. He also furnished the designs of the numerous monuments and republican festivals of that time. In 1792 he was chosen an elector in Paris; afterward a deputy in the National Convention; and during the Reign of Terror was one of the most zealous Jacobins and wholly devoted to Robespierre. He proposed to erect a colossal monument of the nation on the Pont-Neuf, from the materials of the king's statue. At the trial of Louis XVI he voted for his death. In 1799 he executed the

court painter to Napoleon he produced the colossal canvas,