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De Bary

saint, museum and professor

DE BARY, bi're, Heinrich Anton, Ger man botanist: b. Frankfort-on-Main, 26 Jan. 1831; d. Strassburg, 19 Jan. 1888, After a course of medical studies he began in 1853 to practice in his native city, but next year be came a privat-docent in Tiibingen, and the year after was called to be professor of botany at Freiburg, where in 1859 he was appointed ordinary professor. From 1866 until his death he was editor of the Botanische Zeitung. In 1867 he obeyed a call to Halle, and in 1872 to Strassburg, where he was the first rector of the newly reorganized university. As g botanist, De Bary is famous especially for the contributions he has made to our knowledge of the morphol ogy and physiology of the fungi and the Myx omyceta. Of his numerous works in these departments, the 'Comparative Anatomy of Phanerogams and Ferns' has been translated (1885) ; as also the 'Morphology of Plants' and 'Lectures on Bacteria> (1888).

Edouard Bernard, French painter: b. Toulouse 1847; d. 1913. He was a pupil of Cabanel and although he has produced some noted historical works, is chiefly known as a genre and portrait painter.

He won the second grand prize 1872, a medal of the second class 1874, receiving the ribbon of the Legion of Honor 1881, and a bronze medal in 1889. He signed his name Ponsan-Debat until 1880. His pictures include historical sub jects such as 'A Story of Phieltas> (1870); 'The First Morning> (1874) ; (1877) ; 'Devotion of Saint Louis toward the (1879) ; 'A Door of the Louvre on Saint Bartholomew's (1880, Clemont-Ferrand Museum) ; and por traits of Doctor Pichaud (1874) ; Paul de Cas sagnac (1882) ; General Boulanger; etc. Among allegorical works his 'Nee Mergitur> (1898), inspired by the Dreyfus case, is famous and his genre paintings 'The Untamable Mare' (1911), and 'Those Who Watch' are executed in a finished academic style, showing literary rather than pictorial imagination.