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De Forest

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DE FOREST, Jesse, the reputed founder of New York city and Walloon ancestor of many thousands of Americans: b. about 1575 at Avesnes, Hainanlt ; d. 1624. He was married to Marie du Cloux, 23 Sept. 1601. In Sedan, also, on 22 July 1604, Henry De Forest, founder of Harlem, N. Y., and David de Forest, resi dent of New Amsterdam in 1659, were born. Jesse was a merchant dyer. His name appears next in the Walloon records of Leyden, where his daughter, ancestress of many New York families, was born in 1609, marrying in 1626 can Mousnier le Montagne. Many other mem bers of the De Forest family were in Leyden, the majority of them recorded as natives of Avesnes. Isaac, the future ancestor of the American De Forests, b. 10 July 1616, was one of Jesse's four children born in Leyden. In all, it is probable that Jesse De Forest had at least 10 children — his large family thus furnishing a. noble motive for emigra tion. During the Great Truce, from 1609 to 1626, there were many thousand Walloon sol diers and others in the Dutch Republic. In July 1621, Jesse applied to King James of England, through Sir Dudley Carleton, in the name of 60 families of Walloons, for trans portation to Virginia. The ("round robin" was signed by 56 men, heads of families represent ing 227 persons, but the response of the Vir ginia Company was unsatisfactory. In April 1622, Jesse petitioned the States of Holland and again, on 26 Aug. 1623, the States-Gen eral, for aid, and the very next day received his authorization to enroll colonists. Twenty six ships were sent by the Dutch West India Company to Brazil and Guiana, laden with thousands of fighting men and colonists, one of the latter being Jesse De Forest, who sailed out of the Maas River at Rotterdam on 23 De cember. He wrote an account of this voyage. On the ship New Netherland, 260 tons, com manded by Cornelis Jacob Mey, of Hoorn, the company of Walloon settlers, with Jesse de Forest's children, sailed for America in March, via the Canary Islands, and touching at Oya pttk in Guiana, sailed northward into the Mau ritius (Hudson) River. There being yet no military occupation of New Netherland by the Dutch, this ship, with the armed yacht Mac kerel, arrived in time to save the region from French occupation. These Walloon settlers

(see WALLOONS) began immediately to culti vate the soil and became the ancestors of many thousands of Americans, many of them emi nent in the annals of war and peace, of inven tion, finance and philanthropy. It is not known where or when Jesse De Forest died. Consult his journal in R. W. De Forest's book; De For est, J. W., (The De Forests of Avesnes' (1900) ; and De Forest, R. W., 'A Walloon Family in America' (2 vols., p. 705, 1914).

DE FoRivr, John Willem, i American novelist: b. Humphreysville, Conn., 31 March 1826; d. New Haven, Conn., 17 July 1906. He passed many years in independent study and foreign travel, becoming proficient in several languages; entered the army as captain at the outbreak of the Civil War and rose to major. Among his works are of the Indians of Connecticut' (1853); Acquaint ance' (1856); 'Witching Times' (1856); 'Eu ropean Acquaintance' (1858); (Seacliff' (1859); 'Miss Ravenel's Conversion' (1867); 'Overland' (1871) •, 'Kate Beaumont' (1872 .) • 'The Wetherell Affair' (1873); 'Honest John Vane' (1875) ; 'Justine Vnno' (1875); 'Play ing the Mischief' ' (18'76); • Vane' (1877); 'Irene, the (1879) Oddest of Courtships; or, The Bloody Chasm' 1881) ; (A Lover's Revolt' (1898); 'Overland' 1899) • 'The De Forests of Avesnet and New etheriand' (1900).

DE FOREST,•Lee, American inventor: -b. Council Bluffs, Iowa, 26 Aug. 1873. He was graduated at the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University in 1896. He is one of the pio neers in the development of wireless telegraphy in America. He was vice-president of the American De Forest Wireless Telegraph Com pany in 1902-06, which was succeeded by. the United Wireless Telegraph Company. He is vice-president of the Radio Telephone Company and the De Forest Radio Telephone Company since 1907. He was awarded a gold medal at the Saint Louis Exposition of 1904 for his work in wireless telegraphy. He has taken out over 100 United States, and foreign patents on radio telegraphy and telephony; his most important contribution in this is the "Au dion" — detector and amplifier, which made possible the transcontinental telephone service, both by wire and wireless.