DE GARMO, Charles, American educator: b. Mukwanago, Wis., 7 Jan. 1849. He was graduated from the State Normal University of Illinois in 1873; was principal of public schools, Naples, Ill., 1873-76; professor of modern lan guages at the State Normal University 1886-90, and president of Swarthmore College 1891-98. Since 1898 he has been professor of the science and art of education at Cornell University. He was elected president of the National Herbert Society in 1892 and is considered the leader of the Herbartian school in the United States. He has published
of Method' ; (Herbert and Herbartians> (1896) ; (Language Lessons' (1897); a translation of Lindner's (Manual of Empirical Psychology' (1889); (Essentials of Method> (11907) ; (Interest and Education> (1902) ;
DEGAS, Edgar Hilaire Germain, French painter and engraver: b. Paris, 19 July 1834; d. September 1917. He was a pupil of La Mothe and studied at the Beaux Arts in Paris. He was one of the most interesting members of the impressionist school, having worked in pas tel, etching, dry point and stone-engraving, pro ducing numerous interiors of theatres and cafe concerts, foyers of the opera, views of the circus and of laundries, studies of dancers, etc., and all with a masterly touch. He expresses a modern ideal of energy and uses a modern language for its expression. In order to say what he wanted he was obliged to master the human figure, and this he did with the thoroughness of the an cients. In pure draftsmanship he was un equaled. He also produced several portraits of Menet.