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Delacroix

paris, pictures, painting and coloring

DELACROIX, Ferdinand Victor Eugene, French painter: b. Charenton Saint-Maurice, near Paris, 26 April 1799; d. Paris, 13 Aug. 1863. His father was an ardent revolutionist who died when Eugene was seven years of age. He was sent to the Lycie Na poleon and then to the atelier of Baron Guerin to study painting. His first painting, (1824) was a formal declaration of war against the school of• the classicists, who named it a ((Massacre of Painting.* These were followed by the (Execution of the Doge Marino Falieri) (1826) the (Death of Sardanapalus> (1827); and the of the Bishop of Liege) (1830) —pieces painted with fire and vigor. His sympathy with the revolutionary party was shown by his celebrated picture of the (Goddess of Liberty at the Barricades.' In 1831 he joined the embassy sent by Louis Philippe to the emperor of Morocco. To this journey we are indebted for several pictures re markable for their vivid realization of Oriental life as well as their masterly coloring. They are

the (1841). In 1857 the Academy elected him a member of their body. An exhibition of his works was opened in 1864, containing 174 pictures and 303 drawings. Delacroix was an artist of great versatility; mythology, legend, history and poetry by turns furnished him with subjects, and in addition he painted portraits, allegorical and genre pictures, hunting scenes, etc.; but all exhibit at once his strength and his weakness — brilliant coloring and incorrect drawing. He is dramatic, passionate and in tensely virile in his concepts. Consult Dargenty, Delacroix par lui-meme) (Paris 1885); Robaut and Chesneau, 'L'CEuvre coinplet d'Eugene Delacroix) (Paris 1885).