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DELAROCHE, de-la-rosh', Paul (his real name was Hippolyte), French painter: b. Paris, 17 July 1797; d. there, 4 Nov. 1856. He en tered the studio of Baron Gros, and rapidly rose to eminence as one of the greatest of modern painters in France. He visited Italy in 1838 and 1843. His subjects are taken principally from French and English history. Among others may be mentioned, Saint Vin cent de Paul Preaching before Louis XIII on Behalf of Deserted Children); 'Joan of Arc Interrogated in Prison by Cardinal Beaufort' (Wallace collection, London); 'Flora Mac donald Ministering to the Pretender after the Battle of the 'Death of Queen Elizabeth,' a work greatly admired by French and generally reprobated by English critics; 'A Scene of the Saint Bartholomew Massacre);

It has often been objected to Delaroche that the accessories of his pictures are finished with such minuteness as to divert the attention from the main subject. His signal merits consist in correct drawing, brilliant and harmonious color, and great distinctness and perspicuity in treatment, rendering the story of his pictures at once intelligible. Consult monographs by Mirecourt (Paris 1856) ; Halevy, 'Notice sur la vie et Ics ouvrages de Paul Delaroche' (lb.

1858) ; Muther, of Modern Painting' (London 1907).

DE LA RUE, Warren, Eng lish inventor and physicist: b. Island of Guernsey, 18 Jan. 1815; d. London, 22 April 1889. He was educated in Paris and followed his father's business, that of manufacturing paper wares. For this he invented many new processes and machines. He is best known for his application of photography to astronomy. In 1850 he constructed a large reflecting tele scope at Canonbury, which was transferred later to Cranford, Middlesex. He was a mem ber of the International Electrical Congress at Paris in 1861, president of the Royal Astro nomical Society, and held other posts of honor. His reports of original observations in chemis try, astronomy and physics are of the greatest value.