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DELAVIGNE, Jean Fran cois Casimir, French poet and dramatist: b. Havre, 4 April 1793; d. Montmorency, 11 Dec. 1843. He was educated at the Lycee Napoleon, Paris, and in 1811 composed a dithyrambic on the birth of the king of Rome, which attracted considerable attention and procured him, from Comte Francois de Nantes, a situation in the revenue office. He competed unsuccessfully for the Academy prize. At the Restoration he pub lished a set of elegies, (Messeniennes,) which deplored the faded glories of France. The patriotic fervor of these pieces won immediate and widespread popularity for their author. He produced in 1819 his tragedy of (Les vepres ; appeared in 1820, and the tragedy of (Paria' in 1821. The liberal political opinions expressed in this play alienated the patronage of the king. Louis-Philippe, duke of Orleans, secured a position for him as librarian of the Palais Royal, where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1823 appeared his 'Ecole des vieillards,' his best comedy. This won for him membership in the Academy (1825). Princesse Aurelie followed in

1828 and (Marino Faliero> (1829). Two patri otic hymns, (La Parisienne' and (La Varsovi enne,' became very popular. Other works are (Louis XI' (1832) ; (Les Enfants (1833) ; (Don Juan d'Autriche> (1835) ; (Tine famille au temps de Luther' (1836) ; 'La Popu larize) (1838) ; (La fille du Cid' (1839) ; (Le conseiller rapporteur> (1840) ; and 'Charles VI,' an opera (1843). He left Paris• for a vacation in Italy but died before he reached his destination. His popularity in his day was well merited both on account of the simple reality of his works and his private virtues. Because he was so essentially expressive of his time his works are devoid of that imaginative universal quality which ensures posthumous fame. His collected works were published by his brother (1845 and later). His poems and dramatic productions were published separately (1863). Consult Sainte-Beuve, con temporains> (Vol. V) ; Favrot, A., (Etude stir Casimir Delavigne' (1894).