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Delaware River

miles, pennsylvania and jersey

DELAWARE RIVER, a river of the United States. Its main fork takes its rise in a little lake of Schoharie County, N. Y., on the slopes of the Catskill Range and at an elevation of almost 2,000 feet. This branch takes a south western course toĽ Deposit, about 100 miles dis tant, whence it flows southeast and becomes the boundary line between the States of New York and Pennsylvania. The lesser or eastern fork also takes its rise in the Catskills and flows into the main branch at Hancock. After leaving Port Jervis, N. Y., it divides the States of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, flowing in a southerly direction through the famous Dela ware Water Gap, to Easton Pa. Its course is now southeast to Trenton, N. J., whence it turns southwest and flows past the great cities of Chester and Philadelphia. Below Chester it gradually widens into Delaware Bay. Its ex treme length including the bay and estuary is 410 miles, of which the bay takes up about 50. The total area of the watershed of the Dela ware is 12,012 sr New miles, of which 3,000 miles are in New York, 2,500 in Jersey and over 6,000 in Pennsylvania. Along its course are

considerable waterfalls which are extensively used for power purposes; among these are Welles's Falls at Lambertville, about 15 feet, the Foul Rift of 23 feet at Belvidere and the 30-foot fall at Port Jervis, N. Y. In New York it receives the waters of the Mongaup and Neversink, in New Jersey the Musconetcong and Maurice, and in Pennsylvania the Lacka waxen, Lehigh and Schulykill. Ocean-going vessels ascend the Delaware to Philadelphia and vessels of lighter draught to Trenton. From Easton to a point opposite Trenton its course is paralleled by a canal. Other canals linking it with great waterways are one to the Raritan River, connecting New Brunswick and Trenton, and one to the Hudson River, from Phillipsburg to Jersey City, N. J. The river was first explored in 1609 by Hendrik Hudson, and in 1615-16 by Cornelius Hendrikson, and their reports led to the organization of the Dutch West India Company.