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John of Damascus Annes Damascenus

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ANNES DAMASCENUS, JOHN OF DAMASCUS), an illustrious theologian of the Greek Church in the 8th century, native of Damascus : b. about 676; d. about 755. He was a pupil of Cosmas and in 730 was persecuted for his active opposition to the Iconoclast heresy. The last of the Greek Fathers, he was the first to reduce to system the Church's dogmas and to classify the decrees of the General Councils concerning matters of faith, in the third part of his work 'The Fountain of Knowledge.' In the first part, 'Points of Philosophy,) he makes application to theology of the principles of Aristotle's tico; the second part consists of a reproduction of Epiphanius' work 'On Heresies,' with tional notices of heresies condemned by the Church after Epiphanius' time; the third and most valuable part is the 'Precise Exposition of the Orthodox Belief.' In mediaeval times the 'Precise Exposition,' translated into Latin in the 12th century, gave direction to the cal views and speculations of the schoolmen; it influenced also the trend of Arabian philosophy; and hence Damascenus has been denominated the °Father of Scholasticism.* Styled also

the 'Prince of Greek hymnodists,* the English titles of three of his most famous hymns are the well-known *Come, ye faithful, raise the *The Day of Resurrection,* and *Those eternal bowers.* Many other treatises are extant which bear his name as author, but of most of these the authenticity is doubtful. No contemporary account of his life has come down to us; the earliest biographical notice of him that we have dates from the 10th century, and that is unworthy of credit. The epithet that is, gold-streaming, stowed upon him in his lifetime, testifies to his reputation for eloquence. He is recognized as a saint both in the Greek and the Latin Church.