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or Croatoan Croatan

colony, indians, summers, roanoke, fate and land

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CROATAN, or CROATOAN, The Lost Colony." (For Raleigh's attempt to colonize Roanoke Island, see ROANOKE COLONY). In 1587 he abandoned the effort and incorporated a company to settle on Chesapeake Bay, entitled "The Governor and Assistants of the City of Raleigh in Virginia." A colony of about 140 persons was left there. Raleigh's attempts to rescue them were unsuccessful and the fate of the colonists was unknown till Indians told the settlers at Jamestown. They had accepted the friendly invitation of the Croatan Indians to live among them and remained there probably till not long before the Jamestown settlement in 1607, doubtless intermarrying considerably • then the priests or medicine-men had urged "Powhatan" to kill them—probably from jeal ousy of the influence their superior intelligence gave them — and all had been murdered except four men and two boys saved by one of the chiefs to work his copper-mines, and a "young maid" saved probably for a wife, who may have been Virginia Dare. The latter escaped up the Chowan and her ultimate fate is unknown; the boys seem to have died or been killed; but the men were taken westward with the small tribe to somewhere around the Neuse or the Cape Fear River in North Carolina. They or their predecessors taught the natives to build two story stone houses, make roads, use improved agricultural methods, etc. The Huguenots found these Indians there in 1709 and noted their farms and roads and their gray eyes, dif ferent from those of any other Indians; and the protest of a chief of some mixed-blood In dians from Robeson County, N. C., over a murder in 1864, led to an investigation which has instilled a belief that they are the descend ants of the Croatan tribe and the colonists. The State has officially recognized them as "Croatan Indians," and their language is said to contain many English words. However this may be, the actual fate of the "lost colony' rests on evidence it is absurd to discredit and on which in fact we base unquestioned con clusions as to all other early Virginian history.

Consult William Strachey, (Travaille into Vir ginia) (Hakluyt Soc., Vol. VI) ; Hamilton Mc Millan, (Raleigh's Lost Colony' ; chart reprinted in Brown's (Genesis of the United States,' where on the Neuse (apparently) is marked a place at which remained ((four men clothed," who had "(come from Roanoke." kro-a'shi-a (in Serbo-Croatian, Hrvatska-Slavonija), a Hun garian crownland bounded north by Styria and Hungary, from which it is separated by the riv ers Drave and the Danube; in the south it is divided from Serbia and Bosnia by the Una and the Save, southwest by Dalmatia, Istria and the Adriatic and northwest by Kraina and Styria. • Total area 16,421 square miles. Pop. (census of 1910), 2,621,954. The country is agricultural, 82 per cent of the population being engaged in agricultural pursuits. It is most picturesque (especially 'Zagorje"), in the Karst district, fir, beech and oak forests cover the land, as also rich pastures and good vineyards. The lowlands of Slavonia, Syrmia (Srem) and especially Frushka Gora are arable and most fertile. There grow all kinds of cereals, pota toes, hay, grapes of good quality, apples, prunes, nuts and, near the coast, figs, oranges and other tropical and semi-tropical fruits. The moun tains form a continuation of the Julian Alps and are very rich in coal, marble and mineral wells containing sulphur, copper and iron; in the north a small branch of the Carnic Alps forms the watershed between the principal riv ers, the Save and the Drave.

Considering the situation of Croatia-Slavonia the climate is rather moderate and the country could be divided into three parts: (1) The narrow strip of land above the sea with mild winters, warm autumns and dry summers; (2) the level land Slavonia with very hot summers and severe winters and (3) the Zagorje (western Croatia) with prolonged and severe winters and short summers which are often tempered by the northeastern wind called Rom.

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