DIEPENBECK, ABRAHAM VAN, a distinguished Dutch historical painter of the Flemish school, was born at liortogeuhosch (Boisle-Due) about 1607 according to Descamps, but probably earlier. llo was already a good painter on glass when ho entered the school of Itubens at Antwerp, in which lie was the fellow-pupil of Vandyek; and he is tho scholar who is said to have been pushed against the groat picture of the ' Taking Down from the Cross,' whet] wet, the consequent damage to which was so ndmirabiy repaired by Vandyek. Diepeubeek lived at two periods with Rubena, before and after a visit to Rome, but in the second period more in the capacity of assistant than scholar. Ito wasone of the best of Rubella's' Eoholars, especially in composition and in colour : in design he was never excellent; he was too hasty in his execution. He had however a great reputation at Antwerp, and in 1641 was elected director of the academy there, an office which he held until his death in 1675.
Diepenbeek came to England in the time of Charles L, and was em ployed by William Cavendish, duke of Newcastle, to make the pictures for his book on horsemanship, some of which in Walpole'? time were still exhibited in the hall at Welbeek.
Diepenbeek'a works are very numerous, but they consist chiefly of designs made for booksellers. Heineken has given a long list of the engravings after them in his Dictionary. Ouo of his principal works is a series of fifty-nine designs, published in 1655 at Paris, under the title of Tableaux du Temple des Mime,' with illustrated letter-press by the Abb6 Maraca : the subjects are from Ovid's ' Metamorphoses,' and the engravings are executed by Bloemart, Mntham, and other eminent engravers. There are several later editions and imitations of it.
Ilia oil paintings on canvass are scarce : some pass probably as the works of Ruben.; but there are still many of his painted windows in the churches of Antwerp. Houbraken says Diepenbock was the bast painter on glass of his time.
(Houbnken, Oroote Schouburg der Nederlandselte Konst,ehilders, &c.; D'Argenville, Abregsf de la Vie des plus fameux Psintres ; Deecamps, Vic, des Peintres Flamands. &e.; Ileieeken, Dictionnaire des Artistes, &o. ; Walpole, Anecdotes of Painting, do.)