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Ornamental Photography

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Photographs on watches, on handkerchiefs, on collars and various articles of that description; photographs on china ware, glass ware, and in fact photographs on every thing. We wish to describe only one or two processes and leave it to the ingenuity and patience of the student to apply the same in other directions. To our mind, one of the prettiest ways in which the camera can be made useful, is to photograph a bit of landscape, or a head, or a small group on letter paper. For this purpose we can use any paper suitable for making blue prints, or the plain salted paper. Let us first make some blue prints on letter paper. Suppose we take a sheet of folio paper of good weight, the same kind that we use for our best blue prints, and cut the sheet into quarter size. The size of folio paper is 17 x 22 inches, and a quarter would therefore be 8i- x 11 inches. Now if we fold one of these quarters to make a four page sheet of note paper, the size would be when folded x 8i inches. We do not need, however, for our present pur pose to fold the paper, but merely to make a short crease in it, in the center of one side, which is merely to show where the paper will be folded after it is finished. This crease is merely a guide for us to show where we are to sensitize the paper with our blue solution. We mark a number of sheets in this way. 'We then prepare a few drams of our solution as described in the chapter on blue prints, and apply it with our sponge. To lay this on, it is only necessary to swab in one direction the part of the paper on which we wish to print, and we do this either in the upper left-hand corner, or the right-hand corner, or in the upper center, or across the whole of the top. If we wish the picture in the upper left-hand corner when folded, and we know about the size of the picture, we lay on enough of the solution to surely cover all of the space where the picture is to go, being careful to brush near the crease, which, when folded will be the left-hand and the upper edge of the paper. After the solution is applied, it is not necessary to hang up the paper to dry, but it can be laid on a table or newspaper, or anything of that ldnd, where it will dry in a few minutes. When it is dry, the paper

should be neatly folded along the line of the crease which we have previously made, and laid away in a dark box, till wanted for use.

Now for the printing. For this purpose it is better to use what are called vignette papers,* sets of which are for sale by all dealers. We take our printing-frame, and lay in it a sheet of plain glass (and for this purpose we need to use a frame at least as large as 8 x 10); then, having selected our negative from which we wish to print, say a head or small figure on our paper, we select a vignette paper which will just take in this head, and place the negative in the frame,.face up with the vignette paper underneath; then, with some strips of opaque paper, we cover all of the negative which we do not wish to use. The object of this is to prevent any impression being made on the small, sensitized portions of the note paper, which may happen to fall outside of our vignette paper. It will be seen, of course, that the negative must be so placed that it will be held in position by both halves of the back of printing-frame, so that it will not be moved from its place when the frame is partly opened to examine how the printing is progressing. After this, we very carefully lay our folded paper in position on the negative, so that the head will come in the corner of the paper where we wish it to be printed. We close the frame and set it in the sunshine to print. As we are printing through the vignette paper, the time required may be about twice as long as we should give for ordinary blue prints. When it has printed sufficiently, we take out the paper and develop it in water in the usual way and bang up to dry, and when it is nearly dry the paper should be placed between sheets of smooth blotting paper and put in a press, or under heavy pressure, where it will dry perfectly smooth.

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