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Hand Camera Manual

Albumen Paper
Albumen Paper. Albumen Paper, Ready For Sensitizing With Silver, Can Be Pro . Cared From Dealers In Such Goods, Of Better Quality Than Any One Can Make For Himself. The Usual Size Is 18 By 22 Inches, And To Sensitize A Full Sheet Requires A Tray Somewhat Larger To Hold ...

Andscape
Andscape Photography Is The Most Healthful, Instructive. 4 Inspiring And Delightful Branch Of The Beautiful Art. It Leads One Into The Wholesome Air Of The Country, To Die Lakes, Sea-shore And The Mountains, To Quiet Dales And Laughing Streams, To Early Morning Tramps; Teaches Him To Study Nature And Observe ...

Blue Prints
Blue Prints. There Are Few Processes In The Art, Which Are As Simple And Easy To Follow And Capable Of Such Beautiful Results, As Making Prints On Blue Paper. As The Paper Is So Easy To Prepare, Every Amateur Should Make His Own, Because It Is Always Better For Being ...

Chemicals
Chemicals. The Chemicals Which We Should Recommend For The Beginner Are: Sulphite Soda Crystals, One Lb. Carbonate Soda Crystals, Pure, One Or Two Lbs. Powdered Borax, One-half Lb. Hyposulphite Soda, Five Or Ten Lbs. Bromide Potassium, One Oz. H. & F. Hydrochinon, One Oz. Carbonate Potash, One-half Lb. Phosphate Soda, ...

Developing The Plate
Developing The Plate. For This Purpose We Have The Choice Of Numerous Formulas In Which The Acting Developing Agents Are Pyrogallic Acid Or Hydrochinon. Of These For Our First Lesson We Will Take The Hydrochinon, As That Offers Less Difficulties For The Beginner. Before Closing The Door Of Our Dark-room ...

Enlarglng And Seducing
Enlarglng And Seducing. Amateur Will Have Frequently To Make An Enlargement Or Reduction Of A Picture Or Photograph, Or Copy Exact Size; And To Enlarge Or Reduce From A Negative. Reduction From A Picture Can Be Done In An Ordinary Camera, And Full-size Copies Can Also Be Made, If They ...

First Exposures
First Exposures. "now, Before We Go Into The Dark-room, We Will Just Look Over The Things And See What Plates And Plate-holders We Have With Us. So You Have Three Boxes Of Plates With You, Two Boxes Of 5x8 And One Box 4x5; And I Notice They Are All Very ...

General Hints
General Hints. Is Well For The Amateur To Accustom Himself To Standing On Either Side Of The Camera In Taking Views. This Is A Matter That May Seem To Be Of Trifling Importance, Yet It Is Not A Good Plan To " Get Into The Rut " Of Always Taking ...

Hints On Cop Ying
Hints On Cop Ying. To Copy A Photograph Or _ _ Engraving With The Ordinary Camera, The Picture Should Be Hung Or Clamped To An Upright Frame, Where Its Surface Can Be Made Perfectly Flat And Smooth. The Picture Should Be So Hung That It May Receive A Strong Light, ...

Interiors
'interiors Are Too Often Neglected By The Amateur For Want Of The Proper Lens, The Patience Requisite For The Long Exposure, And The Fancied Difficulties. The Lens Should Be A " Wide Angle," To Take In As Much Of The Interior As Possible, Capable Of Showing Three Sides Of A ...

Lantern Slides
Lantern Slides. Slides By The Dry-plate Process Are Made Either By Contact Printing Or By Reduction In A Reducing Camera. In The Latter Case The Slides Can Be Made Direct From Any Larger Ative, Provided That The Negative Is Not Too Large To Be Used In The Reducing Camera. In ...

Moitnting And Burnishing The
Moitnting And Burnishing The Prints. Prints Can Be Mounted As Soon As They Are Washed, Or The Mounting May Be Deferred To Some Subsequent Time. In The Former Case The Prints Should Be Taken Directly From The Water And Laid One Above The Other, Face Down, On A Sheet Of ...

Notes On Development
Notes On Development. A General Rule, Do Not Try To Develop Very Many Plates At One Time; It Is Better To Develop Two Or Three Plates In An Evening, And Do Them -well, Than To Try A Dozen Or More And Be Hurried And Make Failures Of Many. We Speak ...

Ornamental Photography
Ornamental Photography. Photographs On Watches, On Handkerchiefs, On Collars And Various Articles Of That Description; Photographs On China Ware, Glass Ware, And In Fact Photographs On Every Thing. We Wish To Describe Only One Or Two Processes And Leave It To The Ingenuity And Patience Of The Student To Apply ...

Plain Paper And Albitmen
Plain Paper And Albitmen Paper. The Gloss And Shine Of Albumen Prints Are Not Pleasing To The Eye; They Usually Detract From The Beauty Of The Picture. If Albumen Prints Do Not Appear Finished Without A Polish, It Ought To Be An Objection To The Use Of That Paper. We ...

Portraits
Portraits. Portraits Can Be Made In The House By The Amateur, If He Pays Due Attention To Lighting The, Subject, And Gives Sufficient Exposure. The Sitter Should Be Near A Window, About Three Or Four Feet From It. If Sunlight Falls On The The Light Should Be Diffused By Hanging ...

Printing On Ready Sensitized Paper
Printing On Ready-sensitized Paper. We Describe This First Because For The Beginner It Is The Sim Plest Process Of Silver Printing. A Good Quality Of Ready-sensi Tized Paper Can Be Procured Of Any Dealer In Photographic Sup Plies. The Articles Required For Printing, In Which We Shall In Clude Toning ...

Residues
Residues. If The Amateur Does Considerable Developing And Printing He Should Save The Following Waste Papers, Water And Baths; If He Does But Little With His Camera, The Slight Saving Will Hardly Be Worth The Trouble And Time Required: The Clippings From Paper Or Prints Containing Silver (before Toning),such As ...

The Dark Rook
The Dark-rook. It Should, Therefore, Be The Aim Of Every One To Have His Own Properly Appointed Dark-room; But, Before Explaining How This Should Be Made, We Will Show How One Can Get Along With The Ordinary Conveniences Usually Found In A Home. Any Closet Will Answer, If There Is ...

The Detective Camera
The " Detective " Camera. We Have Had And Enjoyed Most Heartily A Detective Camera Since They First Came Into Use. We Have Used Them On Nearly Every Legitimate Subject, And Think We Understand Well Their Limi Tations. We Say Legitimate Subject, Because It Is Not Uncommon For Persons, Who ...

The Outfit
The Outfit. _ _ It Must Not Be Supposed That Because A Camera Is Low In Price, The Work Which It Will Do Is Correspondingly Low In Quality. We Have Seen Excellent Views Made With A Camera And Lens Costing Only Twelve Dollars, And Very Fair Small Views Made With ...

The Plate Washing Arrangement
The Plate Washing Arrangement. Tank At The Right Should Be Made Of Zinc, Or It Can Be Made Of Wood, With Two Coats Of Black Varnish Inside. A Tube Is Inserted In Front Near The Bottom, Three-eighths Of An Inch Opening, To Which A Large Zinc Or Brass Tube, Eight ...

The Swing Back
The Swing-back Is Used To Prevent Distortion When Tilting The Camera To Take In A Tall Building; Also To Bring A Distant And Near Object Into Focus At Same Time. We Focus On A Distant Object And Find The Foreground Out Of Focus, Because The Focus Is Shorter For Distant ...

To Prepare The Sensitizing
To Prep.a.re The Sensitizing Solution. For This Purpose We Should Have Two Glass Graduates Perfectly Clean; Into One Pour One-half Ounce Of Water And Add To This Sixty Grains Nitrate Silver Crystals. They Will Dissolve In A Few Minutes By Stirring Them With A Glass Rod. When Dissolved We Add, ...

Toning And Fixing Prints
Toning And Fixing Prints. The Operation Of Toning Should Be Carried On Either In The Eve Ning By Artificial Light, Or It Can Be Safely Done In The Daytime, But Not Near A Window Admitting A Strong Light. As Fast As The Prints Are Finished They Should Be Put In ...

Transparencies
Transparencies Are Usually Made In The Same Manner As Lantern Slides By Exposing To Gas Or Lamp Light. In Printing, A Mat Or Mask Of Opaque Paper Should Be Used, So As To Leave A Narrow Margin Of Clear Glass Outside The Picture. Trans Parencies Can Be Made On Any ...