Or melt 3 parts of lard with 1 part of rosin, and apply with a brush while warm.
Or apply linseed oil, or a mixture of equal parts of linseed oil and kero sene.
Or a mixture of 4 parts of linseed oil, 4 parts of kerosene, and 1 part of turpentine.
Apply the above mixtures in a thin coat while slightly warm.
To Protect Stovepipes from Rust. —Shake the dirt and soot out of the inside of the stovepipe, then insert an old broom and brush out as clean as possible. Paint the outside of the stovepipe with a coat of black paint, or apply any of the above rust-proof mixtures.
Stovepipes rust on the inside as well as on the outside. Hold the pipe with an open end toward a good light, or reflect a light inside by means of a mirror. Affix a brush to a long han dle and cover the inside of the pipe as well as the outside with oil or other rust preventives.
To Keep Nickel Fittings from Rust ing.—Remove the nickel fittings from the stove, cover them with any of the above preventives, wrap them in thin cloths, and lay them away until wanted.
Or cover them with unslaked lime.
Or, if badly rusted, go over the nickel fittings with aluminum paint.
To Prevent Rust.—To prevent rust on tin roofs and other exposed metal surfaces, bring to a boil 2 pounds of linseed-oil varnish. Stir into this a mixture of 2 ounces of black lead, 8 ounces of sulphide of lead, and 2 ounces of sulphide of zinc. Apply with a brush.
Or paint exposed metal surfaces with a paint consisting of 30 parts of pure white lead, 8 parts of crude linseed oil, 2 parts of boiled linseed oil, and 1 part of spirits of turpen tine. Apply two or more coats as needed.
To Preserve Metals from preserve stoves, skates, sleigh runners, and other steel articles which are stored for a portion of the year, smear them with vaseline.
Or paint them with lampblack mixed with equal quantities of boiled lin seed oil and copal varnish.
Or use powdered black lead and lard, melting the lard and stirring in the lead, and add a small piece of gum camphor. Apply while warm with a brush.
Or melt paraffin, and apply while warm with a brush, sponge, or cloth.
Or clean thoroughly and dust over with unslaked lime.
Or plunge small articles into un slaked lime.
Or dip the articles in boiled linseed oil and allow it to dry on them.
Or apply a coat of copal varnish.
Or melt 5 pounds of beef or mut ton suet, 1 pound of gutta percha, and 1 gallon of neat's-foot oil or rape oil until dissolved. Mix thoroughly and apply when cold.
Or coat with collodion dissolved in alcohol.
Or wrap in zinc foil or store in zinc lined boxes.
Or mix 1 ounce of oil varnish with 4 ounces of rectified spirits of turpen tine and apply with a sponge.
Or heat the articles and dip them in train oil.
To Prevent Rust on Tinware.—Rub new tinware with fresh lard, and heat in the oven before using. This tends to make it rust proof.
To Preserve Nails, etc., from Rust. —To preserve from rust nails, screws, hinges, and other hardware that will be exposed to water, heat them (but not enough to injure the temper) in an iron skillet over a fire and drop them into train oil. This will pre serve them for many years.
Or mix pound of quicklime in 1 quart of water and allow it to settle. Pour off the clear liquid and add to the lime sufficient olive oil to form a stiff paste. Apply with a brush to iron or steel articles to be stored.
Or, for rough castings and fence wire, mix mineral pitch, coal tar, and sand in the proportion of 1 pound each of coal tar and sand to N pounds of mineral pitch. Immerse the articles in the mixture, remove them, and let them stand a day or more to harden.
To Prevent Rust on Piano Wires. —Sprinkle piano wires with unslaked lime.
Steel Table Knives.—Fill a flower pot or other deep receptacle with quicklime and into it plunge the blades of the knives. Do not allow the lime to touch the handles.
To Remove Rust from Small Arti cles. — Substances recommended for removing rust are muriatic acid, kero sene, chloride of tin, and unslaked lime used with or without various abrasives, as sandpaper, emery paper, pumice stone, powdered brick, and the like.