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Iconographic Encyclopedia of Arts and Sciences

The Iron Age
The Iron Age. The Most Useful Of Metals, Iron, Was Known To Man Long Before He Attained The Art Of Manipulating It To His Advantage. In The Mounds Of The Ohio Valley Antiquaries Have Discovered Thin Sheets Hammered Out Of Meteoric Iron And Applied As A Coating To Ornaments (putnam). ...

The Koi Koin
The Koi-koin. Peculiarity Of Language Sounds.—the Are Divided Into Two Great Families, The Hollenlols And The Bushmen. Before Describing This Remarkable Group It Is Necessary To Speak Of Some Strange Sounds In Their Language, Because They Are Indispensable In The Proper Names And Other Words Which We Shall Have To ...

The Medes And Persians
The Medes And Persians. With The Rise Of The Medes And Persians The Aryan Race Makes Its First Appearance In Western Asia. These Nations Inhabited That Portion Of The Table-land Of Iran Which Lies Between The Per Sian Gulf And The Caspian Sea. The Part Taken By The Medes In ...

The Melanesians
The Melanesians. This Head We Include Also The So-called Negritos, The Dark-colored, Curly-headed Tribes Which Are Scattered About Here And There In Malaysia, Such As The Mincopies Of The Andaman Islands (,5/. Zo, Jigs. 16, 17), The Semangrs From The Interior Of The Peninsula Of Malacca, And The Aetas Of ...

The Mongolians The
The Mongolians. The Population Of The Asiatic Continent, From Which Europe Is Sepa Rable Neither Geographically Nor Ethnologically, Is Divided Into Four Prin Cipal Groups: (1) The Mongolian; (2) The Dravidian; (3) The Arabic-african; (4) The Indo-european. The First Group, Which Constitutes The Chief Population Of Asia, Belongs Almost Exclusively, ...

The Nations Of Asia
The Nations Of Asia Minor. The Teeming Populations Of Asia Minor Are Unfortunately Too Little Known, Apart From The Greeks Who Had Settled Among Them, To Enable Us Fully To Explain And Appreciate Their Status. It Is To Be Inferred That They Were Composed Of Small Groups Of Aryan And ...

The Nineteenth Century
The Nineteenth Century. Those Who Study The Remains That Have Come Down To Us From Ancient And Mediceval Times Are Often Tempted To Think, And Even To Assert, That Architecture Now Is A Degenerate Art—that, Whereas The Civilizations Of Old Had Styles Of Their Own, We Have None, And That ...

The Nomadic Or Pastoral
The Nomadic Or Pastoral Stage. The Domestication Of Animals Offered Man A Means Of Subsistence Far Less Uncertain And Less Toilsome Than The Chase. Hence Where There Were Species Of Animals Capable Of Easy Domestication It Became In Remote Ages A Favorite Source Of Livelihood. In Many Respects It Was ...

The Oceanic Peoples
The Oceanic Peoples. This Group Is Subdivided Into The Following Six Main Divisions: I. The Malaysians, From The Peninsula Of Malacca And The Andaman Islands To Formosa, The Philippines, And The Molucca Islands. 2. The Principal Peoples Of Madagascar, The Malagassies, The Sakalavas, And The Hovas, Besides A Number Of ...

The Origin Of Man
The Origin Of Man. Having In A Measure Defined Both In Time And Space The First Appear Ance Of Man On Our Globe, We Are Prepared To Go A Step Farther And Inquire How He Came There—what Natural Or Divine Forces Brought Him Into Being. The Answers To These Questions ...

The Paleolithic Period In
The Paleolithic Period In North America. Most Archreologists And Geologists Who Have Personally Examined The Evidence Are Now Of Accord In The Opinion That Man Existed In Various Parts Of North America During The Glacial Epoch, And A Few Insist That Be Was There Long Anterior To That Event. The ...

The Pelasgian Races
The Pelasgian Races. In The Preceding Section We Have Sketched The Art Of A Group Of Races. How Far This Art And The Culture Founded Upon It Were Spread, Under Their Sway, Beyond The Limits Within Which We Have Viewed Them, We Cannot Ascertain With Certainty; Still Less Can We ...

The Peoples Of Farther
The Peoples Of Farther India. We Arc Justified In Separating These From The Thibetans And Chinese As An Independent Division, On Account Of The Nature Of Their Language. Division.—the Races Which Belong To This Division Are, According To Lassen (see Il/a/5)— Z. The Burmese (or Mran-ma, As They Style Themselves), ...

The Peoples Of Soudan
The Peoples Of Soudan. Part Of Ethnology Is More Difficult Than That Which Treats Of The Negro. We Have Indeed On One Side A Boundary-line Sepa Rating The Bantu Nations From The Negroes, But Other Difficulties Oppose A Precise Classification. First, The Physical Type. The Hottentots And The Caffirs Are ...