6. The right of euffrage is by the oonstitution veeted in every white male citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty-one years, who has been a resident of the state one year, and of the county in which he olaims his vote five months, next before the election : provided that no persbn in the mili tary, naval, or marine service of the United States shall be considered a resident of the state by being stationed in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place or station within the state; and no pauper, idiot, iosane person, or person convicted of a orime which now excludes him from being a wit ness, unless pardoned or restored by law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an eleotor.
The Legielative Power.
This is lodged in a Senate and General Assembly, which meet eaparately the second Tueslay in Janu ary each yea-.
The Senate is compoecd of one senator from each county, elected by the people for three yeare. They are divided into clasees, so that one-third of the senate is ohanged each year. A seoator must he entitled to vote, at leaet thirty years old, have been a citizen and inhabitant of the state for four years, and of the county for whioh he is (Alamo one year, next before election.
7. The General Assembly is compoeed of members elected annually by the voters of the several °nun tiee. They are apportioned on the basie of popu lation ; and each county is to have one member at least, and the whole number is not to exceed sixty. Bach member must be entitled to vote, at lead twenty-one years old, must have been a citizen and inhabitant of the state for two years, and of the counity for which he is chosen one year, uext before his election.
- — The Executive Pouter.
The Governorie elected by the legal voters of the state for the term of three years, commencing on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing hia election. He is incapable of holding the office for three years next after his term of eervice. He muet be not lees theca thirty yeare of age, and have been for twenty years at least a citizen of the United States and a resident of this state seven years next before hie eleo tion,un less he has been absent during that time on the public businese of the United States or of this state.
8. He is the commander-in-chief ef all the mill. tory and naval forces of the state; has power, ex cept in cases of impeachment, to euspend the col lection of fines and forfeituree, and to grant reprievee, to extend until the expiration of a time not exceed ing ninety daye after conviction; in connection with the ohancellor and the six judges of the court of errors and appeals, or the major part of them, can remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons in all eases after conviction, except impeachment; and is liable to impeachment for miedemeanor in office during his oontinuance in office aud for two years thereafter. In case of the death, resignation,
or removal from office of the governor the powers, dutiee, and emoluments of the office devolve upon the president of the een ate ; and in case of hie death, resignation, or removal, then upon the speaker of the house of assembly, until another governor ehall be elected and qualified ; but in euch case another governor ehall be chosen at the next election for members of the legislature, uuless finch vacanoy oo cur within thirty days preceding such election, in which case a governor shall be chosen at the next eucceeding election for membere of the legielature.
The Judicial Power.
9. The Court of Errore and Appeals ooneists of a chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six judges, or a major part of them, which judges are appointed for six years by the governor, with the consent of the senate.
The seat of one of the judgee le vacated each year : so that one judge is annually appointed. No mem ber of the oourt who has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or against any error com plained of, may sit as a member or have a voice on the hearing ; but the reaeons for such opinion shall bc assigned to the oourt in writing. Four eessions are held annually, at Trenton. It is the highest court of appeals from decisions of the supreme oourt, court of chancery, and circuit court. After decision pronounced, the oause is remitted to the inferior courte for judgment and execution accord ing to the decision.
The Court of Chancery coneists of a chancellor, appointed by the governor for a term of seven years, who ie also the ordinary or surrogate general and judge of the prerogative court. Appeals lie from the order or decree of the orphans' court to the pre rogative court.
10. The Supreme Court consists of one chief and six aesistant judgee, appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, for the term of seven years. This number may be increased or decreased by law, but may never be less than two. The judges are ex officio justices of the infe rior court of common pleas, orphans' court, end court of general quarter sessione. Four stated terms are to be held annually, at Trenton, and spe cial terms as court may appoint, not exceeding two a year. Thie is the oourt of general inquiry, com mon-law jurisdiction. When iseues of faot arise, they are Bent to the circuit court to be found by a jury and single judge.