TRADE AND TRANSPORTATION. Albany is a terminus of the Boston and Albany railroad, and the division terminus on the main lines of the West Shore, the New York Central and Hud son River and the Delaware and Hudson rail roads. It is thus at the intersection of the great thoroughfares of traffic and travel from Roston and New York to the west and the north 1t also has direct steamboat communication by clay and night lines with New York and Hudson River points. while by the Erie and the Champlain canals it has water routes to the interior of the State and the west and north. It still remains an important centre of passenger travel, but the great bulk of freight movement now passes the city in through shipments. Manufacturing inter ests in Albany have increased considerably during the last ten years. The most important in dustries now include iron, wood, and brass manu factures; printing and engraving; shirt, collar, and cuff manufactures; manufactures of clothing, caps, and knit goods; brewing; tobacco and cigar manufactures; and carriage and wagon building.
Within the city are about 28 miles of street railways, and electric lines connect also with towns some distance from Albany. There are three bridges across the river to Rensselaer, two of which are used by the railroads and foot pas sengers, and the third only is open to wagon traffic. The water supply is furnished in part by a gravity supply, from a lake five miles distant; but a large proportion is pumped from the Hud son River, and an improved filtration system has recently been adopted for the latter supply. There are about 82 miles of paved thoroughfares, some of which are laid with asphalt and brick, though most of the important streets are paved with granite blocks and many still have cobble stone pavements.