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# New International Encyclopedia, Volume 13

Abut Or Wafa
Yahaya, Abut. Or Wa Fa (940-998). An Arabic Mathematician And As Tronomer, Born At Buzjan, And Generally Known As Abul Wela. Ile Translated And Commented Upon Works Of ,everal Greek Mathematicians. And Calculated A Table Of Sines At Of Half A Degree, And Also A Table Of Tangents, Which, However, ...

Menzel, Adolf Von ( A German Historical And Genre Painter, Illus Trator, And Lithographer, One Of The' Leading Er; Of The Present Day. Ile Was Born At Bres Lau. December S. 1815, And When A Mere Lad As Sisted His Father, A Lithographer. In His Work. To Give Him Opportunity ...

Adsolute Dimensions Of Molecules
Adsolute Dimensions Of Molecules. The Fundamental Hypotheses Of The Kinetic The Ory Of Gases Lead To The Proposition That At Any Given Temperature The Volume Of A Gas Is In Versely Proportional To Its Pressure, This Rela Tion. \vide!) Had Been Known As A Matter Of Fact Long Before It ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. The Southern Half Of The Lower Peninsula Of Michigan Has Been Generally Cleared Of Its Forests, And Being Of Great Fertility, Is One Of The Most Productive Agricultural Regions In The Union. Originally A. Large Part Of It Was Considered Irreclaimable Because Of Its Extensive Swamp Areas, But These ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. Although Only A Little Over One Half (51.8 Per Cent.) Of The Land Area Is In Chided In Farms, The State Has Attained The First Rank In The Cultivation Of Certain Crops. Every Decade Since 1850 Has Witnessed A Large Gain In The Brun Acreage, The Largest Being Made ...

Agriculture_2
Agriculture. The Predominant Industry In The State Is Agrieniture And It Is Highly Favored Both By The Nature Of The Climate And The Soil. There Is A Variety Of Soil. Including The Brown Loam Of The Central Tableland. The Rich, Black, Calcareous Soil Of The Prairie Region, The Extreme Ly ...

Agriculture_3
Agriculture. Agriculture Is The Leading In Dustry. In 1900, 33.997,87:3 Acres, Or 77.3 Per Cent. Of The Total Area, Was Included In Farms. In Every Decade From 1850 To 1900 There Was A De Cided Gain In The Farm Acreage, The Increase Since Isgo Being Wholly In The Acreage Of ...

Agriculture_4
Agriculture. In That Part Of The State Lying West Of The Main Range Of The Rocky- Mountains, The Rainfall Is Generally Sufficient For Agricul Tural Purposes. East Of This Range, However, The Rainfall Is, As A Rule, Inadequate, And Purely Agri Cultural Pursuits Can Be Carried On With Profit Only ...

Alfred Marshall 1836 97mayer
May'er, Alfred Marshall ( 1836-97). An American Physicist. Ile Was Born At Baltimore And Was Educated At Saint Mary's College. Baltimore. In 1856 He Was Appointed Professor Of Physics And Chemistry In The University Of Maryland. And Subsequently Held Positions In The Westminster College In Missouri. In Pennsylvania State Col ...

America
America. The First Methodist Society In The New World Was Recruited From The German Refugees To Ireland Driven Out Of The Palatinate By Louis Xiv. Two Of These, Philip Embury And Barbara Heck, Had Been Converted In Ire Land, And Upon Arriving In New York. In 1760, . They Began ...

Analysis Or Ai Inerals
Analysis Or Ai Inerals. The Determination Of Minerals Is Largely A Question Of Experience Gained By The Study Of Large And Varied Collec Tions Of Specimens. The Eye Becomes Trained By Practice To Recognize Crystallizations Even In Dis Torted And Imperfectly Exposed Forms, To Asso Ciate Certain Colors. Lustre, And ...

Anierican
Anierican Toward The Beginning Of The Nineteenth Century A New Type, The South Ern Negro, Appeared On The American Stage. At First He Was Accepted Merely As A Comic Char Acter, But Gradually His Songs And Eceentrieitie: Overshadowed His Pees(mal E•baoaetcristie., And He Began To Be Looked Upon As A ...

Anne 1 Moo Montpensier
Montpensier, Anne )1 Moo. Lot Usr Iftlf:ans. Of (1627-93). The Daughter Of Easton D'orli;ans. Brother Of Louis N111. Of Known As La Grande Mademoi Selle. She Grew Up Beautiful, Eccentric, And Am Bitious. Mine Still A Child There Was Idle Talk Of A Marriage With Louis Xiv. Of And Subsequently ...

Architecture
Architecture. Commencing About A.d. 700. Mohammedan Architecture Runs Parallel To The History Of Later Byzantine Architecture In The East And Roman Esque And Gothic In The West. We Must Study The Origins Of This Architectural Style In The Mosques (q.v.). As The Mohammedans In The Countries Which They Conquered Found ...

Arthur 1742 87 Middleton
Middleton, Arthur (1742-87). A Signer Of The Declaration Of Independence, Born In South Carolina. In 1754 He Went With An Uncle To England, Where He Was Educated At Harrow, Westminster School, And Saint .john's College, Cambridge. He Returned To South Carolina In 1763, Settled At Middleton Place. Became A Justice ...

Australia
Australia. Two Sehoolmasters And Farmers, Who Were Sent Out From England To Take (marge Of The Eonviet Schools, Established The First Class, In Sydney, March 6, 1812. They Soon Applied For A Missionary And In 1815 Samuel Leigh, The Apostle Of Australia. Landed And Took Up The Work. Others Followed, ...

Average
Average. When There Is Partial Loss And The Insured Cannot Or Does Not Elect To Abandon And Receive The Entire Indemnity, It Beeomes Necessary To Ascertain The Amount For Which The Insurer Is Liable. Such Partial Losses Are Known By The Name Of Average, A Term Borrowed By Marine Insurance ...

B Roman Catholic Foreign
B. Roman Catholic Foreign Missions. (1) Central Administration. (a) The Congrega Tion Of The Propaganda.—in N General Way The Direction Of All Roman Catholic Missions Is Vested By The Holy See In The Roman Congrega Tion De Propaganda Fide, Established In 1(122 For Roman Catholic• Missions By Gregory Xv. It ...

Bacteria
Bacteria. Normal Urine In The Normal Blad Der Contains No Bacteria. Non-pathogenic Bac Teria Are, However, Frequently Added To The Urine From The Urethra Or From The External Genitals. Of These The Microcoecus Urea> Is One Of The Most Common. The Smegma Bacillus Is Also Sometimes Present In Large Numbers ...

Banking
Banking. The Bank Of Mississippi At Natchez Was Chartered In 1309. In 1813 It Was Created A State Hank, With A Capital Of $3,000,000, The State Participating In Its Management, And Pledging To It A Monopoly Of The Banking Busi Ness Of The State Until 1840. In 1830, However, The ... Banking Banking. Banking Is Very Profitable In Alex Ivo, Though The System Is Not Yet Well Developed Throughout The Country. The Great Bank Of The Country Is The National Batik Of Mexico, Estab Lished In The City Of Mexico In 1852 And Having Branches In All The Principal Cities. It Has ... Battle Of Mobilebay Mobile Bay, Battle Of. A Battle Of The Civil War In America, Fought August 5, 1864, Be Tween A Federal Fleet Under Renr-admiral Far Ragut And The Confederate Rain Tennessee Aided By Three Auxiliary Gunboats And The Guns Of Fort Morgan. When Farragut Was Ordered To The Gulf Of Mexico ... Battle Of Monmouth Monmouth, Battle Of. Battle Fought June 25. 1778, During The :\ Meriean Revolution. Near Monmouth Court Douse, In The Town Of Freehold. Monmouth County, N. .j., Between An American Army Under General Washington And An English Army Under Sir Henry Clinton. The Latter. Evacuating Philadelphia On June 1sth, Re Treated ... Battle Of Monterey Monterey, Battle Of. After The Battles Of Palo Alto And Resaca De In Palma (lx.). During The War Between The United States And .nlexico, General Taylor Remained For Some Time, At Matamoros, And In September. 1846, With A Force Of About 6700 Men Proceeded Against Mon Terey, Then Strongly Fortified ... Beginning Of Tiie Seasonal Beginning Of Tiie Seasonal :movement. As The Close Of The Rainy Season Approaches In The Tropics Migratory Strangers Gradually Separate Themselves From The Resident Birds, Now Beginning Domestic Cares. And Disappear. \\int Starts Them Off, Just As The Rains Are Bringing An Increase Of Both Plant. And Insect Food, We ... Bending Machines Bending :machines. Bending Rolls Are Used For Bending Metal Plates To Suitable Curves For Boiler And Lank Work. They Usually Consist Of Three Rolls Arranged In The Form Of A Triangle Be Tween Which The Plate Is Drawn By The Rotation Of The Rolls. The Relative Adjustment Of The Rolls ... Benedictine Art Benedictine Art. The Earliest Establishments Of The Founder Of The Order Of Saint Benedict At Subiaco And Monte Cassino Have Left No Traces To Show That They Had Any Special Ar Tistic Significance. Most Of The Western Mon Asteries Of The Seventh Century Were Of Wood, And The Life Was ... Bibliograpii Y Bibliograpii Y. The Most Important Sources For The Life Of Michelangelo Are The Documents Preserved In The Casa Buonarroth Florence. Con Sisting Mainly Of Letters To And From The Artist, His Poems. Memoranda, Contracts. And Like Ma Terial. And A Large Collection Of His Letters Pur Chased By The British ... Biblioorapiiy G Biblioorapiiy. G. Le Bon, Tm Civilisation Des Arabes (paris, 1883), Contains The Most Sugges Tive General Sketch Of The Mohammedan Arts, With Numerous Illustrations; Gayet, In L'art ( Ris, 1895 ) And Vert Arabe 1893), Describes The Various Arts In Mohammedan Persia And Egypt. In Hand-book Form. A More Thorough ... Biiriam Biir'iam. The Sister Of .1loses And Aaron. In The Triple Tradition Of The Career Of :\ Loses (q.v.). As Embodied In The Book Of Exodus, Aliriam Appears Only In The Narrative Of The Elohist. (see Ei.ollist .k.nd Iiiv 1st. ) She Is Called A 'prophetess' And Is Represented As Cele ... Brick Brick :‘,1 A Sonry. \\*if 11 Dlle :1 Low:11wp Made For The Difference Of The Material And The Dif Ference In The Dimensions Of The Blocks Used. Brick Masonry Corresponds Very Closely To Dressed Dimension ,tone Range Ashlar Masonry. Iy. The Bond Used Is Varied Considerably, But Is Usually Either ... Buildings And Institutions Buildings And Institutions. Among The Most Prominent Buildings Are The City Hall, Occupying A Triangular Block And Commanding From Its Tower A Good View Of The City; The County Court House Of Brown Sandstone; The United States Government Building. A Massive Granite Struc Ture, Erected At A Cost Of$1.750.000; ...

Canada. The Palatines, Who Did So Much For Irish Lethodism And Who Founded The Church In The New World. Were Also The Organizers Of The First Class In Canada—at Augusta. Ontario, In 1778. In Fact, It Was The Same Paul And Barbara Fleck, Their Sons And Relatives. And The Widow ...

Cerebral Meningitis
Cerebral Meningitis. Acute Inflammation Of The Pia Mater Of The Brain Occurs Chiefly In Two Forms—tubercular. And Simple Or Purulent. The Arachnoid Takes Part, To A Greater Or Less Extent, In The Inflammatory Process. Tubercular Meningitis Occurs At All Ages, Hut Is More Common In Children Than In Adults. The ...

Cerebro Spinal Meningitis
Cerebro-spinal :meningitis. A Non-contagious Disease Of Varying And Poorly Defined Symptoms, Affecting Horses. Mules, And Other Domestic Ani Mals, Which Is Most Frequent And Has Been Most Studied In Horses. The Most Serious Outbreaks Have Occurred In The United States, England, Saxony, I Lungary, And Russia. Symptoms—the Disease Is Often ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions
Charitable And Penal Institutions. Ac Co•ding To A Law Of 1000, Tho•e Is A Board Of State Aid And Charities, Appointed By The Gov Ernor And Senate. This Hoard Receives All Appli Cations For State Aid And Recommends To The Legislature That Certain Grants Should He Made, And In What ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions
Charitable And Penal Institutions. The State Maintains Insane Hospitals, Located Re Spectively At Farmington. Saint Joseph. Fulton, And Nevada. There Is Also A Colony For Feeble Minded At _marshall. A State Federal Soldiers' Inoue Is Ideated At Saint James, And A State Con Federate Home At Iligginsville. The State School ...

Charles Forbes De Trios
Charles Forbes De Trios, Count (1810-70). A French Historian And Publicist. Ile Was Born In London, May 29, 1510, Of An Ancient Noble Family, His Father, Who Had Been Driven Out By The Revolution, Having Entered The English Service. His Mother Was Of The Scottish Family Of Forbes. To Which ...

Cistercian Art
Cistercian Art. The Cistercian Monasteries Were Not, Like The Benedictine, Centres Of The Industrial And Minor Arts; No Provision Was Made For The Practice Of Ivory Carving, Gold Smith Work, Enameling, Illuminating Manuscripts Or Fresco Painting. Mosaic Work, And Monumental Sculpture. On The Other Hand, It Was Necessary To Train ...

Clasmeicatiox
Clasmeicatiox. No Entirely Satisfactory Classification Of Mathematics Is Possible. The Various Brandies Are So Interrelated That Exact Lines Of Separation Cannot Be Drawn. A Fact Of Apparent And Great Advantage To The Science. The Most Recent Attempt At Classification Is That Made In The Enojklopiidir Der Mathematisehen Wissensehaften. The Following ...

Classification
Classification. A Classification Of Mineral Waters May Be Geographic, Geologic, Therapeutic, Or Chemical. The Following Scheme Of Classifica Tion Is One Adopted By A. C. Peale, A Noted Au Thority On The Subject Of Mineral Waters, And More Especially Those Of The United States: Springs Included In The Above Groups ...

Cli Soil
Soil, Cli La Ate. Ano Vecetation. Except In The Vicinity Of The Lakes And Rivers, Along The Rich Alluvial Borderlands Of The Khingan Range, And The Loess Deposits North Of Shansi And Chih Li, The Soil Is Poor And Little Agriculture Is Pos Sible. In Southeast 31ongolia, Where The Average ...

Climate
Climate. Mississippi Lies In The Semi-tropical Climatic Belt And Its Climate Is Strongly Influenced By Reason Of Its Proximity To The Gulf. The Aver Age January Temperature Is 55° F. In The Isl Ands Off Coast, 50' In The Southern Part Of The Mainland, And 40° Near The Northern Boundary. ...

Climate And Soil
Climate And Soil. The Climate Of Maryland Is One Of Transition In Which The Northern Frozen Winter Gives Way To The Open Southern Win Ter. The Extreme Temperatures Of More Northern Locations Are Occasionally Met With, But The Periods Of Cold Are Of Less Duration And The Num Ber Of ...

Climate And Soil_2
Climate And Soil. Massachusetts Lies In The Middle Of The North Temperate Zone, Yet, Because Of Its Proximity To The Paths Of The Cyclonic And Anticyclonic Disturbances, It Is Strongly Influenced By The North Winds Of Winter And By The West And Southwest Winds Of Summer, Bringing The Hot Continental ...

Climate And Soil_3
Climate And Soil. .minillesota Lies In The Mid Dle Of The North Temperate Zone, And In The Geographical Centre Of The Continent. This Gives It A Continental Climate, With Marked Extremes Of Temperature. The Average Temperatures For January Are 15° F. At The Southeastern Corner, And At The Northwestern Corner ...

Climate_2
Climate. Missouri Lies In The Milder Half Of The Warm Temperate Zone. Being Far Inland, The State Is Subject To The Extremes Of A Conti Nental Climate, Which Are All The More Accen Tuated By The Fact That It Is In The Path Of Fre Quent Cyclonic Storms. The Average ...

Commerce
Commerce. The Value Of The Foreign Trade Of Mexico Has For Years Been Rapidly Increasing. The Exports Are Usually Large• In Value Than The Imports. A Peculiarity Of Mexican Statistics Of Foreign Commerce Should Be Borne In Mind In Order To Reach Correct Conclusions As To The Actual Value Of ...

Commerce And
Commerce And Lxnrsritv. The Which Have Contributed Most To The Industrial Development Of Minneapolis Are The Advantages Afforded By The Falls Of Sand Anthony And Their Convenient Location In Relation To The Abundant Grain And Timber Of The Northwest. Excellent Trauspo•tation Facilities Give The City Command Over These Supplies And ...

Cooking
Cooking. Meat Is Not Often Eaten Raw By Civilized People. For The Most Part It Is Either Roasted, Broiled, Fried, Stewed, Or Boiled. Among The Chief Objects Of Cooking Are The Loosening And Softening Of The Tissues, Which Facilitates Di Gestion By Exposing Them More Fully To The Action Of ...

Corvinus 1443 90 Matthias I
Matthias I., Corvi'nus (1443-90). King Of Hungary From 1458 To 1490. Lie Was The Second Son Of Janos Hunyady (q.v.), And Was Sleeted King Of Hungary In 143$, In Spite Of The Opposition Of Some Of The Great Nobhis, Who Offered The Crown To The Emperor Frederick 111. The Boy ... Cotton 1 663 1728 Mather Mather, Cotton (1 663-1728 ) . A Colonial Divine And Author. Eldest Son Of Increase Nigher (q.v.) And Naria, Daughter Of John Cotton (q.v.). Ile Was Bout In Boston. Febru Ary 12, 1663. Ile Was Very Precocious And Was Unfortunately Overestimated And Praised. Witlt The Result That He Became Morbidly ... Counting The Red Blood Counting The Red Blood Cells. This Is Best Accomplished By Means Of Thoma's Inematocyto Meter Or Blood-counting Apparatus. This Consists Of A Pipette With Bulb And Graduated Capillary Tube. The Graduation Of The Tube Is 0.5 And 1, That Of The Bulb And Tube Together 100. By Filling The Tube ... Creek Icsic Creek :\icsic.) Comiriring This Disc, Adiag Minor With The Ascending Major Scale. We Find Each To Be The Exact Opposite Of The Other. Thus Establishing The Polarity Of Major And Minor Already Known To Zirlino And Tartini. But Fully Developed Only In 1853 By 11auptinann. Where The Ascending Major Has ... Crystallography Crystallography. With Very Few Exceptions (mercury And Water), Minerals Are Limited To Solid Substances: That Is. They Are Solid At The Present Temperature Of The Earth. In Discussing Their Formation And Character, We Must, How Ever, Revert To The Period When The Mineral Con Stituents Of The Earth Existed In ... Daniel Morgan Morgan, Daniel An Can Soldier Prominent In The Revolution:11y War. Ile Was Born In Hunterdon County. N. J., Re Moved To Virginia In 1753, Served As A Teamster Under Braddock In 1755, And During An Indian Ea Mpa Ign Years Later Was Seriously Wounded. He To Winchester In 1762 And ... Decoration Decoration. The Senlpture Of The Mohamme Dans Was Purely Decorative. Becoming Richer As The Middle Ages Advanced. In The Earlier Stages It Pa Rtook Somewhat Of Byzantine Design, As In The Mosque Of Cordova And In Early Egyptian And Syrian Mosques. But It Was Then Scanty And Ra Ther Heavy. ... Description Description Or• Natural Features. The Sources Of The River Are In Lakes Elk. Itasca, Bemidji. Cass, Winnibigashish, Fishing, Leech, And .3lud. Lying Among Hills Of Drift And Boulders, In The Midst Of Pine Forests And Marshes. From Lake Itasca To Bemidji The Stream Is About 12 Feet Wide And 2 ... Doctrine And Practice Doctrine And Practice. Like Every Organized Religion, Lslatu, As Developed By The Mohammedan Theologians, Presents Two Sides—the Theoretical Part, Known As 'amnia, 'faith.' And The Practieal Part Called Din, 'religion.' The Doetrine Concern Ing God, Ilis Nature And Attributes, Voineides With The .jewish And Christian In So Far As Lie ... Early Germ An Law Early Germ An Law. The Usual Form Of Mar Riage Among The Scandinavians, The Germans Proper, And The Anglo-saxons Was Wife-purchase. The Girl Was Bought From Her Father Or Guardian, And Delivered By The Father Or Guardian To The Buyer. Abduction Of A Girl Without Payment Seems To Have Been ... Early Of Relief Early Of Relief. The First Attempt To Guard The Lower Part Of The Valley Against The River Floods Was Made Early In The Eighteenth Century, When The French Governor. De La Tour, Ordered Embankments For The Protection Of New Orleans. In The Old Slave Days, When Taller Was Cheap, Each ... Education Education. The Per Cent. Of Illiteracy For The Native Whites (4.1) Is The Lowest, And For The Negroes (35.1) Next To The Lowest Of Any State Which Has A Large Negro Population. The Gov Ernor. The Principal Of The State Normal School, The State Superintendent (an Ofliee Established In 1900), ... Education Education. The Establishment Of Public Schools Was Regarded As An Important Matter From The First Settlement. The First Free School Was Organized In 1635, And Harvard College Was Founded In 1636. In 1647 A Statute Was Enacted That Each Town Having 50 Families Should Maintain A School To Teach The ... Education_2 Education. Though Wesley Was Obliged To Use Uneducated Men As Preachers, He Insisted On Their Diligence In Reading And Study. He Was Wont At Times To Gather Them At Kingswood, Near Bristol, Where He Instructed Them In Pearson, On. The Crcal, Aldrich's Logic, And Rules For Action And Utterance; But ... Education_3 Education. In 1900 The Total Illiterate Popu Lation Ten Years Of Age And Over Was 4.2 Per Cent. In 1900 There Were 498.665 Pupils Enrolled In The Public Schools, Of Whom 350,000 Were In Average Attendance. In 1899 There Were 692 Graded And 6469 Ungraded School Districts In The State, ... Education_4 Education. In 1900 0.4 Per Cent. Of The Popu Lation Ten Years Of Age And Over Were Illiterate. The Percentage Of Illiteracy For The Negroes Alone Was 28.0 Per Cent.. Which Was A Deeided Decrease From 1990, When The Corresponding Per Cent. Was 41.7. Although The Constitution Of 1820 Pro ... Edward 1809 81 Miall Miall, Edward (1809-81). An Advocate Of English Church Disestablishment. He Was Born In Portsmouth, England: Studied At Wymondley Theological Institute. Hertfordshire; Entered The Independent Ministry, And Was Installed Pastor At Ware In 1831 And At Leicester In 1834. Becoming An Active Advocate Of The Disestablishment Of The Church Of England, ... Egypt Egypt. Egypt Remained For A While Outside Of This Movement, Probably Because Its Architecture Was Still In The Hands Of Native Christian Copts; No Domes Were Used And Brick Had Not Yet Given Place To Stone. The Most Famous Mosque Of This Age Was That Built By Ibn Tulun When ... England England Possesses Two Military Educational Institutions: The Royal Military Academy At Woolwich. Which Is Set Apart For Royal Engineers And Royal Artillery Cadets; And The Royal Mili Tary College At Sandhurst For Cavalry And In Fantry Cadets. No One Is Allowed To Compete Who Has Not Been Passed By The ... Eology (;eology. Massachusetts Has A Very Complex Geological History. At The Beginning Of Cambrian Time Three Mountain Masses Of Granitic Rock Ex Tended Across The State To The Northeast, Alter Nating With Arms Of The Sea. Cambrian And Ordovi Cian Strata Were Deposited On The Shore Of The Champlain Channel, West ... Epidemic Cerebro Spin Al Eningitis Epidemic Cerebro-spin Al Eningitis Has Been Known Only Since The Beginning Of The Nine Teenth Century, Hieing First Recognized In Geneva, Switzerland. It Made Its First Appearance In America In Atassachusetts In 1s02. Many Severe Epidemics Hare Since Occurred Both In Europe And America. The Disease Visited Ireland In A ... Etc Suburbs Suburbs, Etc. The Tramway Expansion Of The Past Few Years Has Resulted In The Building Of New Suburbs, Formed Of Houses Constructed In American Style With Mi Modern Conveniences. Although Possibly More Desirable As Places Of Residence, They Do Not Yet Equal In Interest The Older Suburbs. Prominent Among The ... Etunsf Nicholas Etu:nsf: Nicholas (i763 1817). .1 French Operatic Composer. Born At Givet. At The Age Of Ten He Was Organist His Native Village; In 1778 Lie Went To Paris. Where He Gained The Interest Of Gluck. After Several Un• Successful Efforts Hi Eomposition His Euphrosinc Ct Filially Achieved Fame (1790). And ... Europe Europe, With The Barhariak Inva Sions Of The Fifth And Sixth Centuries There Had Been A Veritable Fury Of Haste To Fortify The Cities Throughout The Roman World. This Was Particularly Noticeable In Gaul• For Instance At Grenoble And Vienna, And In Spain, Ns At Carta Gena. Cledia'val Cities Often—as ... Features Features. Three Physically Dis Tinct Regions Are Recognizable: (1) A Central Elevated Plateau Known The Desert Of Gobi, 2500 To 3000 Feet Above The Level Of The Sea. 500 Miles Or More In Breadth. And Extending From Southwest To Northeast For 1000 Miles, It May Be Described As An Almost ... Ferdinand Maximilian Maximilian, Ferdinand Joseett (183°_ 6i ). Archduke Of Austria And Emperor Of Mex Ico. Ile Was The Second Son Of The Austrian Arch Duke Franc-is Charles, And A Brother To The Emperor Francis Joseph Of Austria. Ile Was Liberally Educated, Became Commander Of The Austrian Navy In 1854. And Later ... Fifth And Sixth Centuries Fifth And Sixth Centuries. It Was During The Fifth And Sixth Centuries That Illuminating Became An Important Branch Of Christian Art. To Remain So Until The Sixteenth Century. Manu Scripts Of The Old Testament, Either As A Whole Or In Separate Books, And Gospel Manuscripts Were Systemativally Searched For Incidents ... Finance Finance. Massachusetts Has Always Been One Of The Leading States In Matters Of Finance And Taxation, And Its Methods Have Been Often Fol Lowed By Other States. In 1646 The Colony Intro Duced A System Of Direct Taxation And A Poll Tax, And Soon After A 'faculties' Tax, Which Had ... Finance_2 Finance. The First Legislature Of The State Authorized In 1s37 A Loan Of$5,000.000, To Be De Voted To Public Improvements. Only A Small Part Of The Bonds Were Sold Direct And Paid In Full. About Two-thirds Of Them Were Deposited With The 'united States Bank Of Pennsylvania, Which Failed ...