CHURCHES. There are over S00 churches in Manhattan and the Bronx. ranging in seating capacity from 200 to 2.000. The Dutch Reformed Church (32 societies) has the oldest church organization in New York. The finest of its churches is the Third Collegiate, at Fifth Avenue and Forty-eighth Street, which owes its ample endowment to fortunate real estate investments. Other handsome buildings of this denomination are the Bloomingdale Church. at Broadway and Sixty-eighth Street, and the Marble Church, at Fifth Avenue and Twenty-ninth Street. Next in antiquity is the Protestant Episcopal Church 194 parishes). Something has already been said of the parent church, Trinity, of the new cathe dral of Saint John the Divine, and of Grace Church. This denomination possesses a number of notable buildings, several of which are chapels of Trinity, built and supported out of its endow ment. Saint George's, the Transfiguration (in Twenty-ninth Street near Madison Avenue). Saint Thomas's. and Saint Bartholomew's are all line examples of eeelesiastical architecture. The most noted Presbyterian church (71 churches) is that known as the Fifth Avenue—at Fifty-fifth Street. The Madison Square Church and the Brick ('lurch, at Fifth Avenue and Thirty-sev enth Street, are among the strongest organiza tions of the denomination. The John Street Methodist Episcopal Church (02 Methodist Epis copal churches) occupies the site of the first of this denomination in America. and is known as the cradle of Ameriean Methodism. The most noted Baptist church (49 churches) is that at Fifth Avenue and Forty-sixth Street. Among the Congregational churches is the Tabernacle, whose trustees, having sold the old church build ing at Broadway and Thirty-fourth Street, are now building at Broadway and Fifty-sixth Street. All Souls', at Fourth Avenue and Thirty-fourth Street. is the oldest of the Unitarian churches, while the Divine Paternity, at Central Park West and Seventy-sixth Street, holds a similar posi tion among the Universalist churches. There are 114 parishes of the Roman Catholic faith, the Cathedral of Saint Patrick. at Fifth Avenue and Fiftieth Street, being one of the finest church buildings of the city. The oldest of its churches is Saint Peter's. in Barclay Street. which stands upon the site of a chapel built in 17S6. The first Jewish synagogue of the city (130 societies) was the Shearith Israel, founded about 1075, and now possessing n beautiful tempi" at Central Park \Vest and Seventieth Street. The Temple Emanu-El. at Fifth Avenue and Forty third Street, the Beth-El, at Fifth Avenue and Seventy-sixth Street. and the Temple Israel. in Harlem, are all fine buildings. Also noteworthy are the temples of the First Church of Christ (Scientist), Central Park \Vest and Ninety-sixth Street, and of the Second Church, Central Park West and Sixty-eighth Street. The Young Men's Christian Assoeiation, which for 30 years had its headquarters at Fourth Avenue and Twenty third Street, has now finished a new house on the same street, west of Seventh Avenue. The as,oeiation has fifteen branch building:. That at Madison Avenue and Forty-fifth Street, for railroad employees, was erected by the late Cor nelius Vanderbilt.. The Young Women's Chris
thin Association has a beautiful home at 7 East Fifteenth Street.
EnucAnoNAL INsmcrioNs. The number of schools within the jurisdiction of the city, omit ting the Nautical School, exceeds 500. Of cor porate schools, orphan asylums, and industrial schools there are above 50, with an average at tendance of some 18,000. The College of the City of New York (q.v.). at Lexington Avenue and Twenty-third Street, was established in 1847 under the name of the New York Free Academy. It will soon move to handsome buildings, esti mated to cost $4.000,000, at 13Sth Street and Convent Avenue. The Normal College, at Sixty ninth Street and Park Avenue. has accommoda tions for 1600 students. There is also a State Normal School at Jamaica, in the Borough of Queens. An important work of the Department of Education is the lecture system, under which free evening lectures are given in a number of places from October to May. The Board of Edu cation also provides free night schools. The most important of the private educational institutions is Columbia University (q.v.), on Morningside Heights. Barnard College (q.v.), for women, and the Teachers College, for both sexes, are affiliated with the university. The College of Physicians aml Surgeons (the medical department of the university) occupies extensive buildings on Six tieth Street, near Roosevelt Hospital. Barnard College and the Teachers College, with which is incorporated the Horace Mann School, also have suitable buildings of their own on Morn ingside Heights. New York University (q.v.) maintains professional departments in the Bor ough of Manhattan, and undergraduate and en gineering schools at University Heights, in the Borough of the Bronx. Its main site, in the Bronx, on the heights overlooking the Harlem, is one of singular beauty. Here is the Hall of Fana• (q.v.). The Union Theological Seminary, which has academic relations with New York and Columbia universities, is at Fourth Avenue and Sixty-ninth Street. It is one of the chief training schools for ministers of the Presby terian Church. The Protestant Episcopal Church maintains its General Theological Seminary in a group of beautiful buildings, modeled after the Oxford college type, at Ninth avenue atilt Twen tieth Street. The new building of the ,Tew ish Theological Seminary of America. in 123(1 Street, between Amsterdam Avenue and Broad way, was dedicated in 1903. Cooper Union oeculdes a prominent place among the educa tional institutions of the city. Its classes, with very few exceptions, are entirely free. The attendance is large. Saint.John's College, at Fordham. in the Borough of the Bronx, the College of Saint Francis Xavier, and Manhat tan College are important institutions under control of the Catholic Church. Cornell Uni versity (q.v.) maintains part of its medical depart meta in New York City. Among, imle pen(lent professional institutions arc the New York Law School: the New York Homeopathie Medieal College and Hospital.the New York Med ical College and 'Hospital for Women. and the Eclectic Medical College: the New York College of Dentistry ::::(1 the New York Dental School: and the College of Pharmacy of the City of New York.