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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Accidentals
Accidentals. In Spite Of The Strict Laws Gov Erning Plain Chant And The Use Of The Old Church Modes, The Human Ear From The Earliest Times Felt The Need Of A 'leading Tone.' The Tone Of The Scale That Was Subject To This Modification Was B. Thus At A Very ...

Adam Oehlenschlager
Oehlenschlager, Adam Gotti.oli (1779-1850). A Great Danish Poet And Dramatist, Horn Of German Ancestry At Vester Bro, Near Copenhagen. Tie Was Irregularly Edu Cated: Was Destined First For Trade. Then For The University, And Then Went On The Stage. After Failure As An Actor Lie Studied Law, But In 1802 ...

Adrien Albert Marie Mun
Mun, Adrien Albert Marie. Culla De (1841—). A French Politician And Author, Lead Er Of The Catholic Anti-llepublican )'arty. Lie Was Born At Lmnigny, Studied At. Saint Cyr, And Fought In The Franco-prussian War And Against The Commune. Save For An Interval (1879-s1 I He Was A Member Of The ...

Agri Cultifre
Agri Cultifre. Agriculture Is The Leading In Dustry. Yet The Largest Part Of The Swampy Coast Land Is Unreclaimed, And There Is Also Much Waste Land In The Mountainnus Area Of The West. In 1900. 73.2 Per Cent. Of The Land Surface Was Included In Farms—the Largest Per Eent. Recorded ...

Agriculture
Agriculture. The Kind And Quality Of Soil Vary Greatly With The Underlying Geological For Mation, But It Is Generally Fertile, Though Much Of The Surface Is Too Hilly To Admit Of Profitable Cultivation. In Most Of The Valleys, And In The Diked Districts, For Instance At The Head Of The ...

Agriculture And Mining
Agriculture And Mining. Although There Are Probably 5,000.000 Acres Of Land On The Island Suitable For Agriculture. Only 611.1194 Acres Had Been Improved In 1891. Since That Time The Gov Ernment Has Offered A Bonus For Cleared Land, And The Area Under Cultivation Now Amounts To About 100,000 Acres. Located ...

Agriculture_2
Agriculture. Only .50 Per 14.11t. Of The Total Land Area Is Included In Farms. The Area Of Im Proved Land Increased Until 1880, Since When It Has Remained P$u•tically Stationary. In 1900 The Percentage Of Farm Land Improved Was 69.6. The Number Of Farms Increased During The Half Cen Tury ...

Agriculture_3
Agriculture. Irrigation Is Practicable And In Practice Along The Water-courses. Ilowever, The Possibilities Of Irrigation In New Mexico Are Not As Vast As In Some Other Western Common Wealths, Owing To The Comparative Lack Of Large Rivers And Lakes. The Irrigated Areas Are Scat Tered Throughout The Territory And Are ...

Agriculture_4
Agriculture. Although Stock-raising Made Considerable Progress In The Decade 1870-s0. The Putting Of The Land Under Plow Was Almost Wholly The Work Of The Succeeding Decade,. The Number Of Acres Included In Farms Thudded From 1890 To 1900, And Amounted In The Latter Year To 34.6 Per Cent. Of The ...

Agriculture_5
Agriculture. There Is Little Waste Land In The State. In 1900, 93.9 Per Cent. Of The Total Land Area Was In Farms. The Proximity Of Large City Markets And The Excellence Of The Trans Portation Facilities Help To Stimulate Agriculture. Every Decade From 1931) To 1900 Shows An In Crease ...

Agriculture_6
Agriculture. Oklahoma Is Preeminently An Agricultural And Region. The De Velopment Of Agriculture Since The Territory Was Opened To Settlement Has Been Extraordinary. In 1900, 15,719,235 Acres, Or 03.3 Per Cent. Of The Total Area, Was Included In Farms. Of Which 33.1 Per Cent. Was Improved. The Average Size Of ...

Amusements
Amusements. New Orleans Is Famous For Its French Opera. For Forty Years Before The Civil War Troupes Were Brought Over From France To Fur Nish This Entertainment, And With Brief Intervals The Custom Has Prevailed Ever Since. Such Is The Passion For Music And Singing. Especially Among The Creoles, That ...

Ancient Coins
Ancient Coins — Origin — Classification. Among The Most Primitive Peoples Some Kind Of Trade Or Barter Was Known; And The Precious Metals Were Incontestably Used As Its Medium For Centuries Before The Invention Of Coinage. Ex Cavations In Chaidwa, Babylonia, And Assyria Have Brought To Light Very Abundant Texts ...

And Charities
And Charities. Educational Af Fairs Are In The Hands Of A Superintendent Of Education And An Educational Council. Unlike Quebec And Ontario, Time Province Does Not Pro Vide For Separate Denominational Schools. There Is Mini Form I Ty Of N Methods, Test-books, Etc., Throughout The Province. One In Every 5.22 ...

Armed Women Parties
Armed Women; Parties; And Authorities Where Referred To Under These Titles. Ney, Nit, Micner., Duke Of Elehingen And Prince Of The Moskva (1769-1815). One Of Napo Leon's Most Celebrated Marshals, Lie Was Born January 10, 1769. At Saarlouis, The Son Of A Poor Cooper. He Had But Little Education And ...

Astrolatry
Astrolatry. This 'worship Of The Heavenly Bodies' Is A Genera] Term (here Including For Convenience The Worship Of Heaven Itself) For What Used To Be Called Sabaism. Sun And Moon Gods Are Not Always Early Divinities. They Were Unknown, For Example, To The Older Roman Cult, Though The Romans Worshiped ...

Atuniclpal Functions
Atuniclpal Functions. The Functions Of A Mu Nicipality Include All The Public Activities Of The City, Whether Direct. Such As Laying Out And Maintaining Streets, Or Indirect. Such As Regulat Ing Traffic And Maintaining Order On The Public Thoroughfares. These Activities Are Many And Complex, And Frequently Overlap, Lint They ...

Banking
Banking. In 1803 A Trading Company Was Chartered With The Privilege Of Doing A Banking Business. From 1808 To 1813 Five More Banks Were Incorporated. Each By A Special Net Of The Ture. The Banks Did A Prosperous Business, And When In 1817 A Branch Of The First United States ...

Banks
Banks. The First Bank Was The New Hamp Shire Bank, Of Portsmouth, Chartered In 1792 And Until 1800 The Only Bank In The State. In The Beginning Of The Nineteenth Century Several Banks Were Established, Which Called Forth Spe Cial Legislation, And As Early As 1814 The State Passed A ...

Banks_2
Banks. In 1804 Two Banking Companies Were Chartered By The Legislature, One To Do Business In Newark And The Other In Trenton. A General Banking Law Was Passed In 18)2 For The Protec Tion Of Depositors. This Law Remained In Force T Ill 1850. Reports Were Made Obligatory. The Total ...

Banks_3
Banks. The Paramount Position Of New York City In The American Financial World Places New York State In The Lead Among The States In The Number And Resources Of Its Financial Institu Tions. The First Bank Of The State Was The Bank Of North America. Incorporated In 1782. In 1791 ...

Battle New Orleans
New Orleans, Battle Or. The Last Bat Tle Of The War Of 1812 Between The United States And Great Britain, Fought At Chalmette, Near New Orleans, La., January 8, 1815. On December 10, 1814. A British Fleet Of More Than Fifty Sail With About 7000 Troops On Board Arrived Off ...

Battle Of Nashville
Nashville, Battle Of. A Battle Of The Civil War In America. Fought South Of Nashville, Tenn., December 15 And 16. 1864. Between A Fed Eral Army Under Gen. George It. Thomas And The Army Of Tennessee Under Gen. John Ii. Hood. When General Hood Evacuated Atlanta Early In September He ...

Bi Mimi Ap
Bi 'mimi: Ap Try. In Addition To The Numerous Official Publications, All Printed In The Norwegian Language. ,vortray, Printed In English By The Government In 1900 For The Paris Exposition, Is One Of The Fullest And Most Accurate Sources Of Information. Other Works Are: Forbes, Yor Way And Its Glaciers ...

Biblimraphy
Biblimraphy. The Chief Source For The Lives Of The Painters, The Vas: Ri Of The Netherlands, Is Van Mander. Het Schilder-boeck (alkmaar, 1604) ; Also. Ilimbraken, !pooh Set; Ou Bury Der Nederlandsche Kunstschilders, ( A Lust Erd A In, 1718). (if Modern Works, The Best Are: Van Eyn Den And ...

Bibliograp111
Bibliograp111% For General Information Re Garding Museums, Consult: 311i1ler, Handbuch Der A Rehaologie Der Kunst (breslau. L848) ; Biardot, Les To Ust'ex D'eu Rope ( Paris. 1860) ; Stark. Handbuch Der Arehiiologic Der Kunst (leipzig. 1880) ; Greenwood, Museums And .1 Rt Galleries (london. 148s); Flower. Essays On Museums (london, ...

Birds
Birds. The Nest-making Of Birds Is Most Familiar And Perfect, Yet It Is Only Among The Higher Forms That It Is Manifested To Any Great Extent. In No Respect Is There Greater Diversity Among Birds Than In The Structure Of The Nest. As A Rule, Its Character Is Closely Associated ...

Birlinrapiiy
Birlin.rapiiy. The Works On The Newspaper Are All Considerably Out Of Date. For A General View Of The History Of The Press Down To Its Re 1,111 Mnffirvehm, Development, The Hest Single Book Is Hudson's Journalism In The United States Asia, And Diemyetylus In North America. The Most Familiar American ...

Buildings
Buildings. Among The Secular Buildings Of New Orleans, The Most Interesting Is The Cabildo (now The Supreme Court Building). It Was Built At The Expense Of The Government Near The Close Of The Eighteenth Century, During The Span Ish Regime. In It The Formal Transfer Of The Province Of Louisiana ...

Canal
Canal.) In The Same Year Orville Childs. A Civil Engineer, Completed The Survey Of A Route For The Proposed Ship Canal, And Made A Favor Able Report On The Feasibility Of The Undertaking. The Vanderbilt Company In The Meantime Had Secured A New Concession For The Construction Of A Canal ...

Cesophagiis
Cesoph'agiis (neo-lat.. From Gk. Oicocttyos, Oisuphayos, Gullet, From °limp, Oisein, To Be About To Carry + Oa-yelp, Ph(ycin, To Cat), Or Gullet. A Membranous Canal, About 9 Inches In Length, Extending From The Pharynx To The Stom Ach, And Thus Forming A Part Of The Alimentary Canal. It Coma:awes At ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions
Charitable And Penal Institutions. The State Board Of Charity And Correction Consists Of Five Members Appointed By The Governor And Council, And Of The Secretary Of The State Board Of Health. This Board Inspects All State And County Charitable Or Correctional Institutions, Ex Cept The State Prison And The Asylum ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions_2
Charitable And Penal Institutions. The State Boards Of Charities, Lunacy, And Corrections Are Each Appointed By The Governor And Senate. The Hoard Of Charities Exercises An Advisory Supervision Over The State And Local Charitable Im,titntions And Private Institutions To Which Public Charges Are Committed. It Visits And In Spects Over ...

Charitable And Penal Institutions_3
Charitable And Penal Institutions. The State Board Of Charities, Consisting Of Six Un Salaried Members, Is Appointed By The Governor. This Board Investigates The Whole System Of Public Charitable And Correctional Institutions, Including 17 Slate Institutions, S Workhouses, 89 Infirmaries, 88 County Jails, Over 50 Children's Homes, And All Municipal ...

Charles Thomas 1810 94 Newton
Newton, Charles Thomas (1810-94). An English Arelneologist. He Was Educated At Christ Church. Oxford. In 1840 He Became Assistant Keeper Of The Department Of Antiquities In The British Museum, And In 1852 Obtained The Ap Pointment Of Viee-consul At Mytilene, Whence He Was Transferred In 1853 To Rhodes. His Position ...

Charles William Chadwick 1860
Oman, Charles William Chadwick (1860 —). A British Historian, Born At Mozufferpore, India. He Was Educated At Winehester And At New College. Oxford, In 1883 Became A Fellow Of All Souls' College, Oxford, And In 1900 Deputy Professor Of Modern History In The Uni Versity. Among His Published Works Are: ...

Checking
Checking. In A Series Of Operations. Multiplication Takes Pt•eeedenee Over Addition And Subtraetion. E.g. 2 3 Equals 2 18— 4. Not 5 • 2. The Operation Of Multiplication Can Be Abbreviated By The Use Of Logarithms (q.v.), The Slide Rule (q.v.), Or Tables Of Products And Factors Or Of Quarter ...

China
China. The Navy Of China Was Never An Or Ganized Force. The Fleet Was Made Up Of Squadrons Supported, Officered, And Manned By Different Sec Tions Of The Empire. And The Squadrons Were Called The Squadron. Squadron, And °anion Squadron. The War With Japan Swept Away All The Armored Vessels ...

Christine Nilsson
Nilsson, Christine ( 1843— 1. A Swedish Soprano. She Was Born Near Wexifi, And Although Her Parents Were In Humble Circum Stances, She Became Proficient On The Violin, Learned The Flute, And Attended Fairs And Other Places Of Public Resort, At Which She Sang. Ac Companying Herself On The Violin. ...

Churches
Churches. There Are Over S00 Churches In Manhattan And The Bronx. Ranging In Seating Capacity From 200 To 2.000. The Dutch Reformed Church (32 Societies) Has The Oldest Church Organization In New York. The Finest Of Its Churches Is The Third Collegiate, At Fifth Avenue And Forty-eighth Street, Which Owes ...

Ciiaiita Die And Penal
Ciiai:ita Die And Penal Institutions. The Deaf Unites And Insane Of The Territory Are Eared For In Private Institutions By Contract. The In Sane Are Kept In A Sanatorium At Norman, The Contract Allowing $2110 Per Patient. Convicts Are Cared For By Contract In The Kansas State Penitentiary. The Cost ...

Ciiarles Napoleon Iii
Napoleon Iii., Ciiarles Loins Napoleon Bonaparte (1808-73). Emperor Of The French. Be Was The Third Son Of Louis Bonaparte, King Of Holland, And Of Hortense Beauharnais. (see Bonaparte.) The Law Of Succession Enacted Un Der The First Empire Gave The Crown, In Default Of Direct Descendants Of The Emperor, To ...

Circulation
Circulation. The Arterial Supply Of The Brain Comes From Two Sources, The Internal Carotids And The Vertebrals. At The Base Of The Brain These Fora• Vessels Form A Remarkable Anasto Mosis Of Large Arterial Trunks Which Is Known As The Circle Of Willis. The Arrangement Of These Vessels Can Be ...

Cities
Cities. The Population Of The 12 Largest Cities In 1900 Nv?1?: New York, 3,437.202; Buffalo, 352. 387; Rochester, 162.008; Syracuse, 108,374: Al Bany, 94,151; Troy, 60,651; Utica, 56.383; Yonk Ers, 47,931: Binghamton, 39,647: Schenectady, 31,682; Auburn. 30.345. The State Sends 37 Members To The National House Of Representa Tives. Rmicios. ...

Cities_2
Cities. The Population Of The Four Largest Towns In 1900 Was: Wilmington, 20,976: Char Lotte• 18,091; Asheville, 14.694; And Raleigh, 13.643. Religion. The Leading Religions Denomina Tions Are The Baptist And The Methodist, Com Prising Respectively About One-half And Two-fifths Of All Church Members. The Presbyterians, Lutherans, Disciples Of Christ, ...

Classification
Classification. The Class Myriapoda Is Now Divided Into Five Orders, The Chilognatha Or Dip Lopoda, The Cbilopoda Or Syagnatha, The Schizo Tarsia. The Symphyla, And The Pauropoda. To The Chilopoda Belong The Common Thousand-legs Of The Family Julithe, As Well As The Representatives Of Seven Other Families, All Of Which ...

Classification Of
Classification Of Alreus. The First Important Fact In Mythology Is That, However Much We Use The Word Mythology As If It Were Especially Con Cerned With Gods, The Earliest Mythology Ignores The Gods Altogether. Now, If We Examine The Body Of Myths Found Among The Most Primitive People. We Shall ...

Climate
Climate. The Climate Of The State Is Of The Continental Rather Than The Insular Type, Though The Extreme Coastal Regions Of Long Island Are Somewhat Tempered By The Ocean. The Range Of Temperature Is Nowhere As Great As In The States Of The Northwestern Plains. The Average Maximum Is About ...

Climate_2
Climate. Norway Reaches 300 Miles Into The Arctic Zone, And Nearly A Third Of The Country Is In The Domain Of The Midnight Sun And Winter Darkness. The Summer Day Is Long And Bright, But The Winter Day Is Short And Clark. At Christiania, In The Far South, The Sun ...

Cliniate
Cliniate. The Climate Is Continental, Dry, And Exhilarating. The Mean Temperature For Jan Uary Is 19.7' And For July 74.8-. The Extremes Are Very The Mercury Sometime, To 42' And At Times To 114°. The Are Cool. The Climate Of The Western Third Of The Mate Is. Ninvi'vel% Arid. And ...

Clubs Theatres
Theatres, Clubs, Hotels. New York Has About 40 Theatres, In Addition To Almost Many More Variety Houses And Concert Halls. The Larg Est Is The Metropolitan Opera Ilouse, Opened In 1883, Which Occupies The Block Hounded By Broad Way, Seventh Avenue, Thirty-ninth And Fortieth Streets. It Seats 3200 Persons. Among ...

Commerce
Commerce. Natal Is As Yet Without Manufac Turing Industries. Its Maritime Position In Close Proximity To The Two Interior Colonies Of Orange River And Transvaal, With Which It Is Connected By Rail, Naturally Gives Natal A Considerable Transit Trade. The Chief Exports Are Wool, Sugar, Coal, Hides And Skins, And ...

Commerce An Transportation
Commerce An!) Transportation. In Maritime Commerce New York Far Outranks Any Other State In The Union. In The Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1901, 64 Per Cent. Of The Imports And 35.60 Per Cent. Of The Exports Of The Entire Passed Through The Port Of New York. Its Traffic To ...

Commerce_2
Commerce. The Dutch Trade Embraces Every Continent, And Is Therefore First And Chiefly Mari Time. Most Exports Of Home Products Go To The Neighboring Countries, Of Europe. England, Ger Many. And Belgium Are The Largest Buyers Of The Live Animals, Butter, Cheese, And Oleomargarine Which The Country Exports. In 1900 ...

Commerce_3
Commerce. The Growth And Average Annual Amount Of Norway's Trade May Be Seen From The Following Table: The Aggregate Foreign Commerce Since The Mid Dle Of The Nineteenth Century Has More Than Quad Rupled. The Imports Largely Exceed The Exports, But This Difference Is Covered To A Great Extent By ...

Comparative Ana Iomy Of
Nose, Comparative Ana Iomy Of Tiie. In The Ordinary Usage Of The Word, No Animals But Mammals Have Noses; Hut In The Widest Sense Of Au Organ Of Smell, The Nose Is Found In All Vertebrates And In Some Lower Animals. Owing To The Close Relation That Exists Bet \num ...

Comparative Anatomy Of Tiie
Cesophagus, Comparative Anatomy Of Tiie. In Length. Structure, And Appearance In Cross-section, There Is The Greatest Variety In Different Groups Of Animals, And, Indeed, An Cesophagus May Be Entirely Wanting, As, For Ex Ample. In Hydra. Where The Mouth Opens Directly Into The Digestive Cavity. The Coelenterates Are Divided Into ...

Daniel 1715 1847 Oconnell
O'con'nell, Daniel ( 1715-1847 ) . An Irish Politician. He Was The Eldest Son Of An Ancient But Unimportant Family I If County Kerry, Ire Land, And Was Horn On August 6, 1775. O'con Nell Received His First Education From A Hedge Schoolmaster, But Afterwards, Under The Patron Age Of ...

Debt Limitations
Debt Limitations. The Interests Of Borrower And Lender Combine To Make Necessary Some Limit To The Amount Of Indebtedness Which A Munici Pality May Incur, And The Purposes For Which Money May Be Borrowed. Considering The Latter First, It Is Obvious That Permanent Luaus Should Never Be Made To Meet ...

Discovery
Discovery. The Discovery Of Neptune Was An Event Unique In Scientific History. It Was The Disturbance In The Of Uranus, Caused By The Attractive Force Of Neptune, Which Led To Its Discovery. From 1690 To Its Discovery As A Planet By Herschel, Uranus (q.v.) Had Been Re Peatedly- Recorded As ...

Disposal Of The Corpse
Disposal Of The Corpse. The Disposal Of The Corpse Does Not Necessarily Mean Interment. We May Distinguish Five Methods Which Have Under Gone Countless Modifications As Outgrowths Of Race, Climate, Soil, And Grade Of Culture. ( 1 ) Exposure. —the Bodies Are Not Sealed Up, But Are Left To Destruction ...

Divisions Of The Ocean
Divisions Of The Ocean. The Continents Which Are Massed As Great Triangles Within The Hemisphere Having Southern England For Its Pole Separate The Included Portion Of The Hydrosphere Into Three Broad Arms—the Atlantic Ocean, Be Tween America And Europe-africa ; The Pacific Ocean, Between America Anti Asia And The Indian ...

Drainage And Sewerage
Drainage And Sewerage. The Surface Of The City Being Entirely Flat, With The Exception Of Metairie Ridge, Which Has An Elevation Of About Two Feet, The Problem Of Drainage And Sewerage Has Been A Perplexing One Ever Since The Founding Of New Orleans. The Average Rainfall Being 58 Inches, Tropical ...

Edema
Edema (nen-lat., From Gk. Oidnnn, Swelling, From Nidci V, Oidein, To Swell. From Oidos. Swelling). The Term Applied Ill Medicine To The Swelling Occasioned By The Ettusion Or Infiltration Of Serum Into Cellular Or Areolar Structures. The Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Is The Most Common, But Is Not The Only Seat ...

Education
Education. Nebraska Bears The Distinction Of Having The Lowest Proportion Of Illiteracy In The United States (2.3 In 1900). In 1909 The State Had 6813 Public Schools (465 Graded), With 9629 Teachers, Of Whom 1862 Were Males. The School Population (five To Twenty-one Years Of Age) Amounted, In 1902, To ...

Education And Religion
Education And Religion. Education Is In A Very Backward Condition, And The Majority Of The People Are Illiterate. Less Than 20.000 Pupils Attend The Elementary Schools. The Universities At Leon And Granada, With Instruction In Law And Medicine, Have Been Consolidated. There Are Ten Colleges. The Only Public Library Is ...

Education_2
Education. The Question Of Education Re Ceived Attention At A Very Early Date. Bergen Had A School As Early As 1661, And The Charter Of Woodridge (1669) Provided For The Granting Of 100 Acres Of Land For School Purposes. The Arrival Of The Quakers Gave An Additional Im Petus. Even ...

Education_3
Education. The Constitution Provides For A Free Public School System Under The Supervision Of A Board Of Commissioners Consisting Of The Governor, The State Superintendent Of Public Instruction, And The President Of The State Uni Versity. The System Of High Schools Is Under The Control Of Local Boards Of Education. ...

Education_4
Education. The First Grant Of Land For Public Education In The Territory Of Ohio Was Made In 1785, When The Continental Congress Reserved For That Purpose The Sixteenth Section Of Every Town Ship. These Grants Were Supplemented Later By Similar Grants In The Virginia And United States Military Reservations And ...

Educational Institutions
Educational Institutions. The Organization Of The Public School System Is Thorough And Com Plete. A Large Number Of The Handsome School Houses Of The City Were Built From The Income Of A Fund Given By A Former Citizen, John Me Donogh, %%ilia Now Amounts To About $800,000. The City Makes ...

Edward Sylvester Morse
Morse, Edward Sylvester 1 1838—). An American Naturalist And Archxologist, Born At Portland, Maine. Lie Was Educated At Bethel Academy, Maine, And At The Lawrence Scientific School, Cambridge. Ile Was Professor Of Com Parative Anatomy And Zoology At Bowdoin Col Lege From 1871 To 1874, And At The Imperial Uni ...

Electric Lights
Electric Lights. This Service Was Started On Practical Kale In Or About 1880. Probably The First Municipal Plant In The United States Was Put In Operation In 1882, At Fairfield, Iowa. At The Close Of 1808 There Were In Places Of 1000 Or Over By The United States Census Of ...

England
England. The Founder Of The English Press Was A London Printer Named Nathaniel Butter (died 3664). As Early As 1605 Lie Was Issuing News Pamphlets; And In 1622 Lie Began The News Of The Present Week, Which Under Varying Titles Was Continued Till 11339. Ilk Slips Were Firstly Compiled From ...

Erne
\ Erne T L.a.i S If The C111111. In Describing The Origin Of Fibre Systems Of The Cord. Ninny Of The «•ils Of The Cold Have Been Necessarily Referred Tn. E.g. Those Veils The Axones Of %vhieli Form Thee Odium's Of Dowers And Of Plechsig, And The Flindainental 4.4)1111iitts. There ...

Establishment
Establishment. Obligations, As Regards Their Origin. Were Divided By The Roman Jurists Into Four Classes: (1) Those Established By Contract (ex Contract:) ; (2) Those Established By Tort Of The Debtor ('x Delictol ; (3) Those Which Re Semble Contractual Obligation. Although No Con Tract Has Been Concluded (quasi Cx ...

Ethnology
Ethnology. The Term 'papuan,' Which Is Of Origin ( Pi 'frizzled'), Is Applied By Modern Ethnologists To The Type Of Man Found In Its Greatest Purity In Certain Parts Of New Guinea (often Called 'papua') And Some Small Islands To The East And West Of It. Some Writers Use 'papuan' ...

Etiinoiamv
Etiinoiam;v. Since Neolithic Times Norway Has Been Mainly Inhabited By Tall, Blonde Longlicads. Of Teutonic Stock, Who Are Believed To Have Come From The Caucasian Steppes During The Prehistoric Migrations. Llecause Of The Great Ice Cap Whieli Lingered On The Mountains. Norway Was Peopled Notelt Later Than Swe Den, Which ...

Etiinology
Etiinology. Uf The Early Peoples Of The Nethcr• Little Is Known. Except That Portions Of The Country Were Inhabited Successively By Tribes Of The Stone. Bronze. And Iron Ages. In The Time Of Cwsar The Tribes Of The Swampy Lowlands Of The South Were Of Celtic Stock, As The Nervii ...

Evolution Of Muscular System
Muscular System, Evolution Of. The Muscular System Comprises Those Tissues Or Masses Of Tissue Which Have The Property Of Con Tractility And Whose Function It Is To Accomplish The Movements Of The Parts Or Of The Whole Of The Animal Body. Contractility Is One Of The Prop Erties Of Simple ...

Execim E 110ards And
Execi"m E 110ards And Gfficers. These Range From The Mayor And Council Committees To The More Or Less Independent Boards And Commissions So Common In The United States, And On Down To Minor Officials Acting, Under These Officers. The Number And Variety Of Services Which These Boards And Officials Perform ...

Execs Oaxaca
Oaxaca, Execs Or. Enormous Xv(vr1:s Of The Ancient Mexicans Near The City Of Oaxaca. The Whole Range Of Monte Alban As Seen In Profile Gives Evidence Of Artifieial Modification. On As Cending The Summits One Is Amazed At The Display Of P? Ramids, Terraces, Quadrangles, And Mounds Eovering Every Space. ...

Executive
Executive. The Governor Is Elected For Three Years, And Cannot Be Reelected Until Three Years Shall Have Elapsed. Lle Can Convene Extra Sessions Of The Legislature Or Of The Senate Alone. The Gov Ernor's Veto Of Hills Or Items Of Appropriation Bills Is Overridden By A Majority Vote Of The ...

Explanation Of Myths
Explanation Of Myths. The Example Just Cited (and Analogous Cases) Led To The Notion That All Myths Were To Be Interpreted In This Way, A View Held By Some Rationalists In India, And Favored In Greece By Many Thinkers, But First Reduced To An 'atheistic' Philosophy Of Mythology By Euhemerus ...

Expression
Expression Al Arks. Toward The End Of The Eighth Century We Find In Ono Old Manuscript Written In Nen In Es Small Letters Interspersed With The Characters Of The »r111114's. These Letters Refer To The Expression. We Find A Small F Fragor Lt T Or T (bear Tencatur Or Irma/or), ...

Finance
Finance. The Sources Of Revenue In 1901 Were: Excise. $20.211,500; Direct Taxation, $14,500, Indirect Taxation, $9,027,915; Post-olliee, $4,325,750; Export And Import Duties, $4.007,500; Pilot Dues, $1,358,335; Flovernment Telegraphs, $936,575: State Domains, 8735.000; State Lot Teries, $271,250; Fisheries, $55,000; Railroads.$1, 807.560. The Expenditures Were: National Debt, $14.431,070; Department Of War, $9,105,180; ...

Finances
Finances. North Carolina Had No Debt Until The Advent Of The Epoch Of Railroad Building. In 1s48-5s Several Issues Of Bonds Were Autherized In Aid Of Railroad, Plank Road, And Canal Com Panies, And As Security The State Received Stock In These Companies. At The Beginning Of The Civil War ...

And History Objects
History. Objects, And Mernous. The Develop Ment Of Municipal Debt Is For The Most Part Coin Cident With The Expansion Of Municipal Functions, An Expansion Which Began With The Nineteenth Century And Was Particularly Active During The Decades Between 1850 And 1670. A Factor Which Contributed Largely To The Growth ...